Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 8200 Alternative Sanctions (incl. Collateral Penalties, Cruel Sanctions, Capital Punishment)

Adams, Michael (1994), 'Heroin vom Staat-Kollektiever Wahnsinn oder das gesuchte Konzept zur Zerstšrung des Drogenmarktes?', Zeitschrift fŸr Rechtspolitik , 106-111.

Adelstein, Richard P. (1979), 'Informational Paradox and the Pricing of Crime: Capital Sentencing Standards in Economic Perspective', 70 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology , 281-298.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1979), 'Capital Punishment in Canada: A Time-Series Analysis of the Deterrent Hypothesis', 12 Canadian Journal of Economics , 647-676.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1987), 'Clemency in Economic and Retributive Models of Punishment', 7 International Review of Law and Economics , 79-88.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1987), 'The Quality of Mercy: Exercise of the Royal Prerogative in Canada', 13 Canadian Public Policy , 366-379.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1988), 'Measurement Errors and Capital Punishment', 20 Applied Economics , 1253-1262.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1988), 'Capital Punishment: Statistical Evidence and Constitutional Issues', 30 Canadian Journal of Criminology , 331-349.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1990), 'Retribution, Wealth Maximization, and Capital Punishment: A Law and Economics Approach', 19 Stetson Law Review , 373-409.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1993), 'Economic, Retributive and Contractarian Conceptions of Punishment', 12 Law and Philosophy , 249-286.

Avio, Kenneth L. (1995), 'Economic, Contractarian and Discourse Arguments against Efficient Torture', in Peczenik, Aleksander and Karlsson, Mikael M. (eds.), Archives on Rights and Social Philosophy 58, 'Law, Justice and the State:I' , Stuttgart, Franz Steiner, 265-272.

Bartling, Hartwig (1974), 'Zur …konomie der KriminalitŠtsbekŠmpfung. Eine Integration der Resozialisierung in die Kriminalškonomie (On the Economics of Criminal Policy: An Integratio)', Zeitschrift fŸr Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften , 313-333.

Benson, Bruce L. (1984), 'Guns for Protection and Other Private Sector Responses to the Fear of Violent Crime', in Kates, Don, Jr. (ed.), Firearms and Violence: Issues of Regulation , Cambridge (MA), Ballinger, 329-356.

Benson, Bruce L. (1986), 'Guns for Protection and Other Private Sector Responses to Government's Failure to Control Increasing Violent Crime', 8 Journal of Libertarian Studies , 75-109.

Benson, Bruce L. (1986), 'The Lost Victim and Other Failures of the Public Law Experiment', 9 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy , 399-427.

Benson, Bruce L. (1992), 'The Development of Criminal Law and Its Enforcement: Public Interest or Political Transfers', 3 Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines , 79-108.

Benson, Bruce L. (1994), 'Are Public Goods Really Common Pools: Considerations of the Evolution of Policing and Highways in England', 39 Economic Inquiry , 249-271.

Benson, Bruce L. (1995), 'Appendix (Oakland, Independent Institute)', in Brakel, Samuel Jan (ed.), Prisons and Corrections , Independent Policy Report.

Benson, Bruce L. (1995), Privatization in Criminal Justice , Independent Policy Report, Oakland, Independent Institute.

Benson, Bruce L. (1996), 'Restitution in Theory and in Practice', 12 Journal of Libertarian Studies , 75-98.

Benson, Bruce L. and Rasmussen, David W. (1991), 'The Relationship Between Illicit Drug Enforcement Policy and Property Crimes', 9 Contemporary Policy Issues , 106-115.

Benson, Bruce L. and Rasmussen, David W. (1992), Illinois' War on Drugs: Some Unintended Consequences , Heartland Policy Study, Chicago, Heartland Institute, No. 48.

Benson, Bruce L. and Rasmussen, David W. (1995), Illicit Drugs and Crime , Independent Policy Report, Oakland, Independent Institute.

Benson, Bruce L. and Rasmussen, David W. (1995), 'Crime and Punishment', in Denslow, David A., Scoggins, J.F. and Shermyen, Anne (eds.), The Economy of Florida , Gainesville (FL), Bureau of Economic and Business Research, 99-116.

Benson, Bruce L., Kim, Iljoong, Rasmussen, David W. and Zuehlke, Thomas W. (1993), 'An Economic Analysis of Recidivism Among Drug Offenders', 60 Southern Economic Journal , 169-183.

Benson, Bruce L., Rasmussen, David W. and Sollars, David L. (1995), 'Police Bureaucrats, Their Incentives, and the War on Drugs', 83 Public Choice , 21-45.

Bergstrom, T. (ed.) (1990), 'On the Economics of Crime and Confiscation', 4(3) Journal of Economic Perspectives , 171-178.

Cameron, Samuel (1989), 'On the Welfare Economics of Capital Punishment', 28 Australian Economic Papers , 253-266.

Cameron, Samuel (1993), 'The Demand for Capital Punishment', 13 International Review of Law and Economics , 47-59.

Cassone, Alberto and Marchese, Carla (1995), 'Tax Amnesties as Special Sales Offers: the Italian Experience', 50 Public Finance/Finances Publiques , 51-66.

Chressanthis, George A. (1989), 'Capital Punishment and the Deterrent Effect Revisited: Recent Time Series Econometric Evidence', 18(2) Journal of Behavioral Economics , 81-97.

Clarf, Stevens H., Freeman, Jean L. and Koch, Gary G. (1976), 'Bail Risk: A Multivariate Analysis', 5 Journal of Legal Studies , 341-385.

Cloninger, Dale O. (1987), 'Capital Punishment and Deterrence: A Revision', 16(4) Journal of Behavioral Economics , 55-57.

Cook, Philip J. (1977), 'Punishment and Crime: A Critique of Current Findings Concerning the Preventative Effects of Punishment', 41(1) Law and Contemporary Problems , 164-209.

Cover, James Peery and Thistle, Paul D. (1988), 'Time Series, Homicide, and the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment', 54 Southern Economic Journal , 615-622.

Daniel, S. (1979), 'Social Science and Death Penalty Cases', 1 Law and Policy Quarterly , 336-372.

Donohue, John J. III (1981), An Evaluation of the Constitutionality of S. 114, the Proposed Federal Death Penalty Statute , Hearings before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee.

Ehrlich, Isaac (1975), 'The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: A Question of Life and Death', 65 American Economic Review , 397-417.

Ehrlich, Isaac (1981), 'On the Usefulness of Controlling Individuals: An Economic Analysis of Rehabilitation, Incapacitation and Deterrence', 71 American Economic Review , 307-332.

Ehrlich, Isaac and Gibbons, Joel C. (1977), 'On the Measurement of the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment and the Theory of Deterrence', 6 Journal of Legal Studies , 35-50.

Ehrlich, Isaac and Randall, Mark (1977), 'Fear of Deterrence: A Critical Evaluation of the "Report of the Panel on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects"', 6 Journal of Legal Studies , 293-316.

Friedman, David D. (1981), 'Reflections on Optimal Punishment or: Should the Rich Pay Higher Fines ?', 3 Research in Law and Economics , 185-205.

Garland, David (1990), Punishment in Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory , Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Garoupa, Nuno (1996), 'Prison, Parole and the Criminal Justice Act 1991', 18 Research in Law and Economics .

Grogger, Jeffrey (1990), 'The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: An Analysis of Daily Homicide Counts', 85 Journal of the American Statistical Association , 295-303.

Kan, Steven S. (1996), 'Corporal Punishments and Optimal Incapacitation', 15 Journal of Legal Studies , 121-130.

Kaplow, Louis (1990), 'A Note on the Optimal Use of Nonmonetary Sanctions', 42 Journal of Public Economics , 245-247.

Landes, William M. (1973), 'The Bail System: An Economic Approach', 2 Journal of Legal Studies , 79-105.

Lang, Kevin and Bell, Duran (1987), 'An Economic Model of the Intake Disposition of Juvenile Offenders', 32 Journal of Public Economics , 79-99.

Langbein, John H. (1976), 'The Historical Origins of the Sanction of Imprisonment for Serious Crime', 5 Journal of Legal Studies , 35-60.

Lempert, Richard O. (1981), 'Desert and Deterrence: An Assessment of the Moral Basis for Capital Punishment', 79 Michigan Law Review , 1177-1231.

Lott, John R., Jr. (1990), 'The Effect of Conviction on the Legitimate Income of Criminals', 34 Economic Letters , 381-385.

Macho-Stadler, I. (1987), 'Contratos basados en mecanismos de control y sanciones severas: modelizaci—n y limitaciones (Contracts based on monitoring and severe punishment)', 4(2) Revista Espa–ola de Econom’a , 291-310.

Macho-Stadler, I. (1993), 'Penalties within the Moral Hazard Problem', 44(3) Metroeconomica , 239-257.

McAleer, Michael and Veall, Michael R. (1989), 'How Fragile Are Fragile Inferences? A Re-evaluation of the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment', 71 Review of Economics and Statistics , 99-106.

Miceli, Thomas J. (1994), 'Prison and Parole: Minimizing the Cost of Non monetary Sanctions as Deterrents', 16 Research in Law and Economics , 197-211.

Michaels, Robert J. (1976), 'Noncriminal Deviance and Mental Hospitalization: Economic Theory and Evidence,', 5 Journal of Legal Studies , 387-433.

Myers, Samuel L., Jr. (1981), 'The Economics of Bail Jumping', 10 Journal of Legal Studies , 381-396.

Palmer, John P. (1977), 'Economic Analysis of the Deterrent Effect of Punishment: A Review', 14 Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency , 4-21.

Posner, Richard A. (1980), 'Retribution and Related Concepts of Punishment', 9 Journal of Legal Studies , 71-92.

Rasmussen, David W. and Benson, Bruce L. (eds.) (1994), The Economic Anatomy of a Drug War: Criminal Justice in the Commons , Lanham (MD), Rowman and Littlefield..

Rasmussen, David W., Benson, Bruce L. and Sollars, David L. (1993), 'Spatial Competition in Illicit Drug Markets: The Consequences of Increased Drug Enforcement', 23 Review of Regional Studies , 219-236.

Schneider, A.L. and Ervin, L. (1990), 'Specific Deterrence, Rational Choice, and Decision Heuristics: Applications in Juvenile Justice', 71 Social Science Quarterly , 585-601.

Shavell, Steven (1985), 'Criminal Law and the Optimal Use of Nonmonetary Sanctions as a Deterrent', 85 Columbia Law Review , 1232-1262.

Shavell, Steven (1987), 'A Model of Optimal Incapacitation', 77 American Economic Review , 107-110.

Shavell, Steven (1987), 'The Optimal Use of Nonmonetary Sanctions as a Deterrent', 77 American Economic Review , 584-592.

Sollars, David L., Benson, Bruce L. and Rasmussen, David W. (1994), 'Drug Enforcement and Deterrence of Property Crime Among Local Jurisdictions', 22 Public Finance Quarterly , 22-45.

Votey, Harold L., Jr. (1979), 'Detention of Heroin Addicts, Job Opportunities, and Deterrence', 8 Journal of Legal Studies , 585-606.

Wolpin, Kenneth I. (1978), 'Capital Punishment and Homicide in England: A Summary of Results', 68 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 422-427.