Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 5940 Public Utilities

Amundsen, Eirik S. and Balbir Singh (1992), 'Developing Futures Markets for Electricity in Europe', 13(3) Energy Journal , 95-112.

Armstrong, Thomas O. and Leppel, Karen (1994), 'Are Regulated and Potentially Unregulated Combination Gas and Electric Utilities Natural Monopolies', 46(3) Journal of Economics and Business , 195-206.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Halvorsen, Robert (1976), 'Interfuel Substitution in Conventional Steam Electric Power Generation', 84 Journal of Political Economy , 959-978.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Halvorsen, Robert (1981), 'Automatic Price Adjustment Clauses and Input Choice in Regulated Utilities', 12 Journal of Business Administration , 185-196.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Halvorsen, Robert (1986), 'The Relative Efficiency of Public and Private Firms in a Regulated Environment: The Case of U.S. Electric Utilities', 29(3) Journal of Public Economics , 281-294.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Halvorsen, Robert (1990), 'Tests of Allocative Efficiency in Regulated Multi-product Firms', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 65-77.

Averch, H. and Johnson, L.L. (1962), 'Behavior Of The Firm Under Regulatory Constraint', 52 American Economic Review , 1053-1069.

Bailey, Elizabeth E. (1972), 'Peak Load Pricing Under Regulatory Constraint', 80(4) Journal of Political Economy , 662-679.

Bailey, Elizabeth E. and Baumol, William J. (1984), 'Deregulation and the Theory of Contestable Markets', 1 Yale Journal of Regulation , 111-137.

Bailey, Elizabeth E. and Malone, J. (1970), 'Resource Allocation and the Regulated Firm', 1 Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , 129-142.

Baldick, Ross and Kahn, Edward (1993), 'Network Costs and the Regulation of Wholesale Competition in Electric Power', 5(4) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 367-384.

Barcella, Mary L. (1995), 'Natural Gas in the Twenty-First Century', 31(4) Business Economics , 19-24.

Baron, D.P. and Besanko, J. (1984), 'Regulation, Asymmetric Information, and Auditing', 15(4) Rand Journal of Economics , 447-470.

Baron, D.P. and Taggert, P. (1977), 'A Model of Regulation under Uncertainty and a Test of Regulatory Bias', 8 Bell Journal of Economics , 151-167.

Barzel, Yorem (1964), 'The Production Function and the Technical Change in the Steam Electric Industry', 72 Journal of Political Economy , 133-150.

Baumol, William J. (1977), 'On the Proper Costs Tests for Natural Monopoly in a Multiproduct Industry', 67 American Economic Review , 43-57.

Baumol, William J. and J. Gregory Sidak (1996), Transmission Pricing and Stranded Costs in the Electric Power Industry , Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.

Baumol, William J. and Willig, Robert D., The Economic Case for Repeal of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 , Supplement to "Comments of Central and South West Corporation." Securities and Exchange Commission, Request for Comments on Modernization of the Regulation of Public Utility Holding Companies, Docket No. 57-32-94 (6 February)..

Baumol, William J., J. Gregory Sidak and Robert J. Michaels (1995), 'Stranded Investment: Pay Up or Mark Down, A Point-Counterpoint', May 15 Public Utilities Fortnightly .

Baumol, William J., Joskow, Paul L. and Kahn, Alfred E. (1995), The Challenge for Federal and State Regulators: Transition from Regulation to Efficient Competition in Electric Power , Washington DC: Edison Electric Institute.

Becker, Gary S. (1983), 'A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence', 98 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 371-383.

Bental, B. and Ravid, S. (1986), 'A Simple Method for Evaluating the Marginal Cost of Unsupplied Electricity', 17 Bell Journal of Economics , 249-253.

Berg, Sanford V. and Jeong, Jinook (1991), 'An Evaluation of Incentive Regulation for Electric Utilities', 3(1) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 45-55.

Berry, Dan Michael (1994), 'Private Ownership Form and Productive Efficiency: Electric Cooperatives versus Investor-Owned Utilities', 6(4) Journal of Regulatory Economics .

Berry, K. (1987), 'Rate of Return Regulation and Demand Uncertainty with a Symmetric Regulatory Constraint', 31(2) American Economist , 8-12.

Besanko, D. (1985), 'On the Use of Revenue Requirement Regulation under Imperfect Information', in Michael A. Crew, (ed.), Analyzing the Impact of Regulatory Change in Public Utilities , Lexington Books, Lexington, MA.

Bohi, Douglas R. and Burtraw, Dallas, 'Utility Investment Behavior and the Emission Trading Market', 14(1-2) Resources and Energy , 129-153.

Boiteux, Marcel (1964), 'Peak-load Pricing', in Marginal Cost Pricing in Practice" (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Marginal Cost Pricing in Practice , Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Bondt, W., De (1979), 'Fuel Adjustment Mechanisms and Economic Efficiency', 27(3) The Journal of Industrial Economics , 243-261.

Boyes, W. (1976), 'An Empirical Examination of the Averch-Johnson Effect', 14 Economic Inquiry , 25-35.

Bradley, Robert L. Jr. (1996), 'The Origins of Political Electricity: Market Failure or Political Opportunism?', 17(1) Energy Law Journal , 59-102.

Brennan, Timothy J., Palmer, Karen L., Kopp, Raymond J., Krupnick, Alan J., Stagliano, Vito and Burtraw, Douglas (1996), A Shock to the System: Restructuring America's Electric Industry , Wasington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Brown, G. and Johnson, M. Bruce (1969), 'Public Utility Pricing and Output Under Risk', 59 American Economic Review , 119-128.

Burns, Philip, Jones and Weyman-Jones, Thomas G. (1996), 'Cost Functions and Cost Efficiency in Electricity Distribution: A Stochastic Frontier Approach', 48(1) Bulletin of Economic Research , 41-64.

Burtraw, Dallas (1993), The Promise and Prospect for SO2 Emission Trading in Europe , working paper) Resources for the Future, Quality of the Environment Division Discussion Paper:92-22, No. 92-22.

Burtraw, Dallas and et al. (1995), 'Optimal "Adders" for Environmental Damage by Public Utilities', 29(3)S Journal of Environmental Economics and Management in Christ, C.,(ed.), Measurement in Economics , Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1-9.

Carroll, Thomas M. and Ciscel, David H., 'The Effects of Regulation on Executive Compensation', 64 The Review of Economics and Statistics , 505-509.

Chao, H. and Wilson, R. (1986), 'Multilevel Demand Subscription Pricing for Electric Power', 4 Energy Economics , 119-217.

Chao, Hung-Po (1983), 'Peak Load Pricing and Capacity Planning with Demand and Supply Uncertainty', 14 Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , 179-180.

Christensen, Laurits R. and Greene, W. (1976), 'Economics of Scale in U.S. Electric Power Generation', 84(4) Journal of Political Economy , 655-675.

Christensen, Laurits R. and Greene, William H., 'Economies of Scale in U.S. Electric Power Generation', 84(4)-1 Journal of Political Economy , 655-676.

Claggett, E. Tylor, Jr., Hollas, Daniel R. and Stansell, Stanley P. (1995), 'The Effects of Ownership Form on Profit Maximization and Cost Minimization Behavior Within Municipal and Cooperative Electrical Distribution Utilities', 43 Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance , 533-550.

Clarke, Roger G. (1980), 'The Effect of Fuel Adjustment Clauses on the Systematic Risk and Market Values of Electric Utilities', 35(2) Journal of Finance , 347-358.

Corey, Gorden R. (1992), 'The U.S. Electric Power Industry: Regulatory Trends and Objectives', 14(1-2) Resources and Energy , 77-99.

Cosentino, Fabrizio (1992), 'Alla ricerca della raccomandata perduta: modificate le regole sulla "posta in gioco" ( Nota a Corte costituzionale 28 febbraio 1992, n. 74, Soc. Sapri Broker assicuraz. c. Min. Poste ) (Searching for the lost registered letter: rules on mail amended)', I Il Foro Italiano , 1354-1356.

Costello, Kenneth W. and Hemphill, Ross C. (1990), 'Competitive Pricing in the Electric Industry', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 49-63.

Coursey, D., Issac, R.M. and Smith, V.L. (1984), 'Natural Monopoly and Contested Markets: Some Experimental Results', 27 Journal of Law and Economics , 91-113.

Courvelle, L. (1974), 'Regulation and Efficiency in the Electric Utility Industry', 5 Bell Journal of Economics , 53-74.

Cowing, T.G. (1974), 'Technical Change and Scale Economics in an Engineering Production Function: The Case of Steam Electric Power', 33(1) Journal of Industrial Economics , 135-152.

Cowing, T.G. and Smith, V. K. (1978), 'The Estimation of a Production Technology: A Survey of Econometric Analysis of Steam Electric Generation', 54(2) Land Economics , 156-186.

Cramer, Curtis A. (1994), 'Local Competition for Telephone Services', 9(3) Journal of Industrial Organization , 273-291.

Crandall, Robert W. and Ellig, Jerry (1997), Economic Deregulation and Customer Choice: Lessons for the Electric Industry , Fairfax, VA: Center for Market Processes.

Crew M. and Kleindorfer, P. (1976), 'Peak Load Pricing with a Diverse Technology', 7 Bell Journal of Economics , 207-231.

Crew M. and Kleindorfer, P. (1978), 'Reliability and Public Utility Pricing', 68 American Economic Review , 31-40.

Crew M. and Kleindorfer, P. (1981), 'Regulation and Diverse Technology in the Peak Load Problem', 48(2) Southern Economic Journal , 335-343.

Cudahy, Richard D. (1992), 'Competition and Regulation: The Swing of the Pendulum', 14(1-2) Resources and Energy , 47-52.

Das, S. (1980), 'On the Effective Rate of Return Regulation Under Uncertainty', 70(3) American Economic Review , 456-460.

De Alessi, Louis (1980), 'The Economics of Property Rights: A Review of the Evidence', in Zerbe, R.,(ed.), Research in Law and Economics , 27-28.

Demsetz, Harold (1969), 'Why Regular Utilities?', 9 Journal of Law and Economics , 55-65.

Dilorenzo, Thomas J. and Robinson, Ralph (1982), 'Managerial Objectives Subject to Political Market Constraints: Electric Utilities in the U.S.', 22(2) Quarterly Review of Economics and Business , 113-125.

Dnes, Anthony W. (1997), 'The Future of het British Post Office', 4 European Journal of Law and Economics , 93-102.

Dnes, Antony W. and Seaton, J. (1996), The Regulation of Regional Electricity Companies , Utility Finance, No. 4.

Doane, Michael J. and Spulber, Daniel F. (1994), 'Open Access and the Evolution of the U.S. Spot Market for Natural Gas', 37(2) Journal of Law and Economics , 477-517.

Doyle, Chris and Maher, Maria (1992), 'Common Carriage and the Pricing of Electricity Transmission', 13(3) Energy Journal , 63-94.

Einhorn, Michael A. (1990), 'Purchasing Power for Grid: A Social Contract Approach', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 33-48.

Eto, Joseph and et al. (1996), 'The Total Cost and Measured Performance of Utility-Sponsored Energy Efficiency Programs', 17(1) Energy Journal , 31-51.

Evans, David S. and Heckman, James J. (1983), 'Multiproduct Cost Function Estimates and Natural Monopoly Tests for the Bell System', in , Breaking Up Bell , New York: North Holland.

Fare, R., Grosskopf, S. and Logan, J. (1985), 'The Relative Performance of Publicly Owned and Privately Owned Electric Utilities', 26(1) Journal of Public Economics , 89-106.

Feigenbaum, Susan and Teeples, Ronald (1983), 'Public Versus Private Water Delivery: A Hedonic Cost Approach', 65(4) Review of Economics and Statistics , 672-678.

Formby, John P., Mishra, Banamber and Thistle, Paul D. (1995), 'Public Utility Regulation and Bond Ratings', 84(1-2) Public Choice , 119-136.

Fox Penner, Peter S. (1990), 'Regulating Independent Power Producers: Lessons of the PURPA Approach', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 117-141.

Gabel, David (1994), 'Competition in a Network Industry: The Telephone Industry, 1894-1910', 54(3) Journal of Economic History , 543-572.

Galatin, M. (1968), Economics of Scale and Technological Change in Thermal Power Generation , Amsterdam, North-Holland.

Geddes, R. Richard (197), 'Regulation, Ownership, and Managerial Monitoring in the Electric Utility Industry', 40(1) Journal of Law and Economics , 261-288.

Geddes, R. Richard (1992), 'A Historical Perspective on Electric Utility Regulation', Regulation: The Cato Review of Business and Government , 75-82.

Geddes, R. Richard (1994), 'Privatization and Contracts in U.S. Electric Utilities', in X (ed.), Private Power in the Pacific , Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, Minerals and Energy Forum, 11-24.

Geddes, R. Richard (1996), 'Time to Repeal the Public Utility Holding Company Act', 16(1) Cato Journal , 63-76.

Geddes, R. Richard and Griffes, Peter H. (1990), 'The Electric Utility Industry: New Challenges and Old Questions', 12 Resources and Energy , 1-15.

Geddes, R. Richard, Griffes, Peter H., Tolley, George and Chirinko, Robert S. (1992), 'Emerging Issues in the Regulation of Electric Utilities', 14 Resources and Energy , 3-35.

Gegax, Douglas and Nowotny, Kenneth (1993), 'Competition and the Electric Utility Industry: An Evaluation', 10(1) Yale Journal on Regulation , 63-87.

Gilbert, Richard J. and Kahn, Edward P. (eds.) (1996), International Comparisons of Electricity Regulation , Cambridge, New York and Melbourne, Cambridge University Press.

Gilsdorf, Keith (1994), 'Vertical Integration Efficiencies and Electric Utilities: A Cost Complementary Perspective', 34(3) Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance , 261-282.

Gilsdorf, Keith (1995), 'Testing for Subaddivity of Vertically Integrated Electric Utilities', 62(1) Southern Economic Journal , 126-138.

Goldberg, Victor P. (1991), 'The Evolution of an Independent Power Sector and Competitive Procurement of New Generating Capacity: Comment', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 101-104.

Gollop, F. and Karlson, S. H. (1978), 'The Impact of the fuel Adjustment Mechanism on Economic Efficiency', 60 Review of Economics and Statistics , 574-584.

Gordon, Richard L. (1990), 'Timidity in Electric Utility Deregulation', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 17-32.

Gordon, Richard L. (1992), 'The Public Utility Holding Company Act, The Easy Step in Electric Utility Regulatory Reform', 15(1) Regulation , 58-67.

Grais, Wafik and Kangbin Zheng (1996), 'Strategic Interdependence in European East-West Gas trade: A Hierarchical Stackelberg Game Approach', 17(3) Energy Journal , 61-84.

Green, Kevin C. and Lehn, Kenneth M. (1995), 'The Effect of Enhanced Competition on the Equity Values of the Regional Operating Companies', 16(4) Managerial and Decision Economics , 469-477.

Green, Richard C. and Newbery, David M.G. (1992), 'Competition in the British Electricity Spot Market', 100(5) Journal of Political Economy , 929-953.

Green, Richard C. and Newbery, David M.G. (1993), 'The Regulation of the Gas Industry: Lessons from Electricity', 14(2) Fiscal Studies , 37-52.

Grohnheit, Poul Erik and Olsen, Ole Jess (1995), 'Electricity Liberalization and Export of Hydro Power from the Nordic Countries', 5(2) Pacific and Asian Journal of Energy , 285-300.

Harris, M. and R.M. Townsend (1981), 'Resource Allocation Under Asymmetric Information', 49 Econometrica , 33-64.

Hausman, William J. and Neufeld, John L. (1991), 'Property Rights versus Public Spirit : Ownership and Efficiency of U.S. Electric Utilities Prior to Rate-of Return Regulation', 73(3) Review of Economics and Statistics , 414-423.

Hausman, William J. and Neufield, John L. (1994), 'Public versus Private Electric Utilities in the United States: A Century of Debate over Comparative Economic Efficiency', 64(4) Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics , 599-622.

Heimann, Fritz F. (1991), 'The Electric Policy Study', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 1-6.

Hempling, Scott (1995), 'Electric Utility Holding Companies: The New Regulatory Challenges', 71(3) Land Economics , 343-353.

Hirshleifer, J. (1958), 'Peak Loads and Efficient Pricing: Comment', 72 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 451-462.

Hoffman, M.C. (1994), 'The Future of Electricity Provision', 3 Regulation , 55-62.

Hogan, W.W. (1992), 'Contract Networks for Electric Power Transmission', 4 Journal of Regulatory Economics , 211-242.

Hollas, Daniel R. and Stansell, Stanley R. (1988), 'An Examination of the Effect of Ownership Form on Price Efficiency: Proprietary, Cooperative and Municipal Electric Utilities', 55(2) Southern Economic Journal , 336-350.

Hollas, Daniel R. and Stansell, Stanley R. (1991), 'Regulation, Ownership Form, and the Economic Efficiency of Rural Electric Distribution Cooperatives', 21(2) Review of Regional Studies , 201-220.

Hollas, Daniel R., Stansell, Stanley R. and Claggett, E. Tylor, Jr. (1994), 'Ownership Form and Rate Structure: An Examination of Cooperative and Municipal Electric Distribution Utilities', 61(2) Southern Economic Journal , 519-529.

Houston, Douglas A. (1983), 'Deregulating Electric Utilities: A Market-Process Approach', 3(3) Cato Journal , 831-853.

Hulbert, G.C. (1969), 'Power Generation in the 1970s', in , 1969 Future Power Forum: Perspective for the 70s , New York: Westinghouse.

Hunt, Sally and Shuttleworth, Graham (1996), Competition and Choice in Electricity , Chichester: New York and Toronto: Wiley.

Isaac, R. Mark (1982), 'Fuel Cost Adjustment Mechanisms and the Regulated Utility Facing Uncertain Fuel Prices', 13(1) Bell Journal of Economics , 158-169.

Isasc, R. Mark (1991), 'Price Cap Regulation: A Case Study of some Pitfalls of Implementation', 3(2) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 199-210.

Jarrell, Gregg A. (1982), 'The Demand for State Regulation of the Electric Utility Industry', 21(2) Journal of Law and Economics , 269-296.

Johnston, J.J. (1960), Statistical Cost Analysis , New York: McGraw-Hill.

Jordon, Wiliam A. (1972), 'Producer Protection, Prior Market Structure and the Effects of Government Regulation', 15 Journal of Law and Economics , 151-176.

Jorgenson, Dale W. and Wilcoxen, Peter (1992), 'Global Change, Energy Prices, and U.S. Economic Growth', 3(1) Structural Change and Dynamics , 135-154.

Joskow, Paul L. (1987), 'Productivity Growth and Technical Change in the Generation of Electricity', 8(1) Energy Journal , 17-38.

Joskow, Paul L. (1988), 'Price Adjustment in Long-Term Contracts: The Case of Coal', 31 Journal of Law and Economics , 47-83.

Joskow, Paul L. (1989), 'Regulatory Failure, Regulatory Reform, and Structural Change in the Electric Power Industry', Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics , 125-208.

Joskow, Paul L. (1991), 'The Evolution of an Independent Power Sector and Competitive Procurement of New Generating Capacity', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 63-100.

Joskow, Paul L. (1991), 'Asset Specificity and the Structure of Vertical Relationships: Empirical Evidence', in Williamson, Oliver E. and Winter, S.(eds.), The Nature of the Firm, Origins, Evolution, and Development , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 117-137.

Joskow, Paul L. (1992), 'Expanding Competitive Opportunities in Electricity Generation', 15(1) Regulation , 25-37.

Joskow, Paul L. and Marron, Donald B. (1992), 'What Does a Negawatt Really Cost? Evidence from Utility Conservation Programs', 13(4) Energy Journal , 41-74.

Joskow, Paul L. and Noll, Roger G. (1981), 'Regulation in Theory and Practice: An Overview', in G. Fromm (ed.), Studies in Public Regulation , Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1-65.

Joskow, Paul L. and Rose, Nancy L. (1985), 'The Effects of Technological Change, Experience and Environmental Regulation on the Construction of Coal-burning Generating Units', 16(1) Rand Journal of Economics , 1-27.

Joskow, Paul L. and Rose, Nancy L. (1989), 'The Effects of Economic Regulation', in Schmalensee, Richard and Willig, Robert D. (eds.), Handbook of Industrial Organzation, 2v. , Amsterdam, North-Holland, 1449-1506.

Joskow, Paul L. and Schmalensee, Richard L. (1983), Markets for Power: An Analysis of Electric Utility Deregulation , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.

Joskow, Paul L. and Schmalensee, Richard L. (1983), Markets for Power: An Analysis of Electric Utility Deregulation , Paperback reprint Cambridge, Mass. and London, 269 p.

Joskow, Paul L. and Schmalensee, Richard L. (1986), 'Incentive Regulation for Electric Utilities', 4(1) Yale Journal on Regulation , 1-49.

Joskow, Paul L., Rose, Nancy L. and Wolfram, Catherine D. (1996), 'Political Constraints on Executive Compensation: Evidence from Electric Utility Industry', 27(1) Rand Journal of Economics , 165-182.

Kahn, Alfred E. (1988), The Economics of Regulation: Principles and Institutions , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.

Kahn, Alfred E. (1991), 'The Changing Focus of Electric Utility Regulation', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 221-231.

Kahn, Alfred E. (1992), 'Least Cost Planning Generally and DSM in Particular', 14(1-2) Resources and Energy , 177-185.

Kalt, Joseph P. (1991), 'Using the Gas Industry as a Guide to Reconstituting the Electricity Industry: Comment', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 57-61.

Kaplow, Louis (1993), 'An Ex Ante Perspective on Deregulation, Viewed Ex Post', 15(2) Resource and Energy Economics , 153-173.

Kendrick, J.W. (1975), 'Efficiency Incentives and Cost Factors in Public Utility Automatic Revenue Adjustment Clauses', 6(1) Bell Journal of Economics , 299-313.

Kim, Youn (1995), 'Marginal Cost and Second-Best Pricing for Water Resources', 10(3) Review of Industrial Organization , 323-338.

King, Martin and Cuc Milan (1996), 'Price Convergence in North American Natural Gas Spot Markets', 17(2) Energy Journal , 17-42.

Koh, Dong-Soo, Berg, Sanford V. and Kenny, Lawrence W. (1996), 'A Comparison of Costs in Privately Owned and Privately Owned Electric Utilities: The Role of Scale', 72(1) Land Economics , 56-65.

Komiya, R. (1962), 'Technical Progress and the Production Function in the United States Steam Power Industry', 44 Review of Economics and Statistics , 156-166.

Kridel, Donald J., Sappington, David E.M. and Weisman, Dennis L. (1996), 'The Effects of Incentive Regulation in the Telecommunications Industry: A Survey', 9(3) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 269-306.

Lanen, William N. and Larcker, David F. (1992), 'Executive Compensation Contract Adoption in the Electric Utility Industry', 30(1) Journal of Accounting Research , 70-93.

Lehman, Dale E. and Weisman, Dennis L. (1996), 'Telephone Pools and Economic Incentives', 10(2) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 123-146.

Littlechild, S. C. (1996), 'Privatization, Competition and Regulation in the Scottish Electricity Industry', 43(1) Scottish Journal of Political Economy , 1-15.

Littlechild, Stephen C. (1992), 'Spot Pricing of Electricity: An Appraisal Of The MIT Model', in Phillips, Fred Young, Rousseau, John James (ed.), Systems and Management Science by Extremal Methods , Norwell, Mass. and Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

Loube, Robert (1989), 'The Return of the Electric Utility Holding Company and the Future of the Electric Supply Industry', 23(2) Journal of Economic Issues , 625-632.

Majumdar, Sumit K. (1997), 'Incentive Regulation and Productive Efficiency in the U.S. Telecommunications Industry', 70(4) Journal of Business .

Maloney, Michael T. and McCormick, Robert E. (1996), Consumer Choice, Consumer Value: An Analysis of Retail Competition in America's Electricity Industry , Washington, DC: Citizens for a Sound Economy.

Marino, A.M. (1978), 'Peak Load Pricing Under Regulatory Constraint: Two remarks', 44(3) Southern Economic Journal , 606-615.

McCabe, Kevin A., Rassenti, Stephen J. and Smith, Vernon L. (1991), 'Experimental Research on Deregulated Markets for Natural Gas Pipeline and Electric Power Transmission Networks', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 161-189.

Meyer, R. (1975), 'Monopoly pricing and Capacity Choice under Uncertainty', 63(3) American Economic Review , 326-337.

Meyer, R. (1975), 'Publicly Owned Versus Privately Owned Utilities: A Policy Choice', 62(4) Review of Economics and Statistics , 391-399.

Meyer, R. (1976), 'Capital Structure and Behavior of the Firm Under Uncertainty', 42(4) Southern Economic Journal , 600-609.

Michaels, Robert J., 'Not Quite Free Wheeling: The Energy Policy Act of 1992', Winter Regulation , 19-23.

Michaels, Robert J. (1996), 'Stranded Investments, Stranded Intellectuals', 1 Regulation , 47-51.

Miller, Geoffrey P. (1993), 'The Origins of Utility Regulation and the "Theories of Regulation" Debate: Comments', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 325-329.

Monnier, Lionel (1993), 'The Structure of the Electricity Sector in the European Community', 64(4) Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics , 531-573.

Moore, Thomas Gale (1970), 'The Effect of Regulation of Electric Utility Prices', 36(4) Southern Economic Journal , 365-375.

Moorhouse, John C. (1995), 'Competitive Markets for Electricity Generation', 14(3) Cato Journal , 421-441.

Moorhouse, John C. (ed.) (1986), Electric Power: Deregulation and the Public Interest, Foreword by Harold Demsetz, Pacific Studies in Public Policy Series , San Francisco: Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, 516 p.

Munasinghe, M. and M. Gellerson (1979), 'Econometric Criteria for Optimizing Power System Reliability', 10 Bell Journal of Economics , 353-365.

Myerson, R., B. (1982), 'Regulating a Monopolist with Unknown Costs', 50 Econometrica , 911-930.

Nerlove, M. (1963), 'Returns to Scale in Electric Supply', in Christ, C.,(ed.), Measurement in Economics , Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 167-198.

Neuberg, Leland Gerson (1977), 'Two Issues in the Municipal Ownership of Electric Power Distribution System', 8(1) Bell Journal of Economics , 303-323.

Newbery, David M.G. (1994), 'Restructuring and Privatizing Electric Utilities in Eastern Europe', 2(3) Economics of Transition , 291-316.

Nguyen, D. (1975), 'The Problem of Peak Loads and Inventories', 7 Bell Journal of Economics , 242-248.

Niskanen, William A. (1996), 'A Case Against Both Stranded Cost Recovery and mandatory Access', 16(1) Regulation , 16-17.

Nix, Joan and Gabel, David (1993), 'AT&T's Strategic Response to Competition: Why Not Preempt Entry?', 53(2) Journal of Economic History , 377-387.

Norton, Seth W. (1985), 'Regulation and Systematic Risk: The Case of Electric Utilities', 28(3) Journal of Law and Economics , 671-686.

Norton, Seth W. (1988), 'Regulation, the OPEC Oil Supply Shock, and Wealth Effects for Electric Utilities', 26(2) Economic Inquiry , 223-238.

Okunade, Albert A. (1993), 'Economies of Scale in Steam-Electric Power Generation in East-North-Central U.S.', 17(1) Journal of Economics and Finance , 149-156.

Orans, Ren and et al. (1994), 'Demand -Side Management and Electric Power Exchange', 16(3) Resource and Energy Economics , 243-254.

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Peles, Yoram C. and Stein, J. L. (1976), 'The Effect of Rate of Return Regulation is Highly Sensitive to the Nature of Uncertainty', 66 American Economic Review , 278-289.

Peltzman, Sam (1971), 'Pricing in Public and Private Enterprises: Electric Utilities in the United States', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 109-147.

Peltzman, Sam (1976), 'Towards a More General Theory of Regulation', 19 Journal of Law and Economics , 211-240.

Percebois, Jacques (1994), 'Limits of Deregulation in the Natural Gas Industry: The European Case', 6(3) Energy Studies Review , 237-347.

Perrakis, S. (1976), 'On the Regulated Price Setting Monopoly Firm with a Random Demand Curve', 66(3) American Economic Review , 410-416.

Pescatrice, Donn R. and Trapani III, John, M. (1980), 'The Performance and Objectives of Public and Private Utilities Operating in the United States', 13(2) Journal of Public Economics , 259-276.

Peters, Lon L. (1993), 'Non-Profit and For-Profit Electric Utilities in the Unites States: Pricing and Efficiency', 64(4) Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics , 575-604.

Pierce, Richard J., Jr. (1991), 'Using the Gas Industry as a Guide to Reconstituting the Electricity Industry', 13 Research in Law and Economics , 7-56.

Pollitt, Michael G. (1995), Ownership and Performance in Electric Utilities: The International Evidence on Privatization and Efficiency , Oxford University Press for the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, 240 p.

Pollitt, Michael G. (1996), 'Ownership and Efficiency in Nuclear Power Production', 48(2) Oxford Economic Papers , 342-360.

Posner, Richard A. (1974), 'Theories of Economic Regulation', 5 Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , 335-358.

Priest, George L. (1993), 'The Origins of Utility Regulation and the "Theories of Regulation" Debate', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 289-323.

Primeaux, Walter J. Jr. (1975), A Reexamination of the Monopoly Market Structure for Electric Utilities ,.

Primeaux, Walter J. Jr. (1985), 'Total Deregulation of Electric Utilities: A Viable Policy Choice', in Poole, Robert W., Jr., (ed.)., Unnatural Monopolies: The Case for Deregulating Public Utilities , 121-146.

Primeaux, Walter J., Jr. (1986), 'Competition Between Electric Utilities', in Moorhouse, John C. (ed.), Electric Power: Deregulation and the Public Intere , San Francisco (CA), Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, 395-423.

Raiffiee, Kambia and et al. (1993), 'Cost Analysis of Water Utilities: A Goodness-of-Fit Approach', 21(3) Atlantic Economic Journal , 18-29.

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