Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 5870 Medical Professions (incl. Malpractice)

(1976), 'Symposium, Medical Malpractice', 1975(6) Duke Law Journal , 1179-1468.

(1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991) (1991), 'Symposium, Medical Malpractice', 54(1) Law and Contemporary Problems .

Abramson, Elliott M. (1990), 'The Medical Malpractice Imbroglio: A Non-Adversarial Suggestion', 78 Kentucky Law Journal , 293 ff.

Arnould, Richard J. and Van Vorst, Charles B. (1985), 'Supply Responses to Market and Regulatory Forces in Health Care', in Meyer, Jack A. (ed.), Incentives vs. Controls in Health Policy: Broadening the Debate , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 107-131.

Arrow, Kenneth J. (1963), 'Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care', 53 American Economic Review , 941-973.

Benham, Lee (1991), 'Licensure and Competition in Medical Markets', in Frech, H. E. (ed.), Regulating Doctors' Fees: Competition, Benefits, and Controls under Medicare , Washington, DC, American Enterprise Institute.

Benham, Lee and Benham, Alexandra (1975), 'Regulating Through the Professions: A Perspective on Information Control', 18 Journal of Law and Economics , 421-447.

Berlant, J.L. (1975), Profession and Monopoly: A Study of Medicine In The United States and Great Britain, Berkeley , University of California Press.

Boulier, Bryan L. (1980), 'An Empirical Examination of the Influence of Licensure and Licensure Reform on the Geographical Distribution of Dentists', in Rottenberg, Simon (ed.), Occupational Licensure and Regulation , Washington, DC, American Enterprise Institute.

Bovbjerg, Randall R. (1989), 'Legislation on Medical Malpractice: Further Developments and a Preliminary Report Card', 22 U.C. Davis Law Review , 499 ff.

Burstein, P. L. and Cromwell, J. (1985), 'Relative Incomes and Rates of Return for U.S. Physicians', 4 Journal of Health Economics , 63-78.

Calabresi, Guido (1977), 'The Problem of Malpractice: Trying to Round out the Circle', 27 University of Toronto Law Journal , 131-141.

Calabresi, Guido (1978), 'The Problem of Malpractice - Trying to Round out the Circle', in Rottenberg, S. (ed.), The Economics of Medical Malpractice , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 233-243.

Carroll, Sidney L. and Gaston, Robert J. (1981), 'Occupational Restrictions and the Quality of Service Received: Some Evidence', 48 Southern Economic Journal , 959-975.

Chollet, Deborah J. (1985), 'Liability Rules and Health Care Costs', in Baily, Mary Ann and Cikins, Warren I. (eds.), The Effects of Litigation on Health Care Costs , Washington, Brookings Institution, 22-27.

Conrad, Douglas A. and Watts, Carolyn A. (1981), 'A Note on Measuring the Extent of Competition in the Physicians' Services Market: An Alternative Approach', 3 Research in Law and Economics , 241-249.

Coyte, Peter C., Dewees, Donald N. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1990), 'Medical Malpractice in Canada, 1971-1987', 15 Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance , 55-80.

Coyte, Peter C., Dewees, Donald N. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1991), 'Medical Malpractice - the Canadian Experience', 324 New England Journal of Medicine , 89-93.

Coyte, Peter C., Dewees, Donald N. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1991), 'Canadian Medical Malpractice Liability: An Empirical Analysis of Recent Trends', 10(2) Journal of Health Economics , 143-168.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1984), 'The Frequency and Severity of Medical Malpractice Claims', 27 Journal of Law and Economics , 115-148.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1985), 'The Medical Malpractice System: Facts and Reforms', in Baily, Mary Ann and Cikins, Warren I. (eds.), The Effects of Litigation on Health Care Costs , Washington, Brookings Institution, 28-35.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1985), 'Liability and Liability Insurance for Medical Malpractice', 4 Journal of Health Economics , 309-331.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1985), Medical Malpractice: Theory, Evidence, and Public , Cambridge (MA), Harvard University Press, 264 p.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1986), 'The Frequency and Severity of Medical Malpractice Claims: New Evidence', 49(2) Law and Contemporary Problems .

Danzon, Patricia M. (1990), 'The 'Crisis' in Medical Malpractice: A Comparison of Trends in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia', 18(1-2) Law, Medicine and Health Care , 48 ff.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1990), 'Alternative Liability Regimes for Medical Injuries', 15 Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance , 3-21.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1991), 'Liability for Medical Malpractice', 5(3) Journal of Economic Perspectives , 51-69.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1994), 'The Swedish Patient Compensation System: Myths and Realities', 14 International Review of Law and Economics , 453-466.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1997), 'Tort Liability : A Minefield for Managed Care?', 16 Journal of Legal Studies , 491-519.

Danzon, Patricia M. and Lillard, Lee A. (1983), 'Settlement out of Court: The Disposition of Medical Malpractice Claims', 12 Journal of Legal Studies , 345-377.

Danzon, Patricia M., Pauly, Mark V. and Kingston, Raynard S. (1990), 'The Effects of Malpractice Litigation on Physicians' Fees and Income', 80 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 122-127.

Danzon, Patricia. (1980), The Disposition of Medical Malpractice Claims , The RAND Corporation, Report R-2622-HCFA.

Danzon, Patricia. (1988), 'Medical Malpractice Liability', in Litan R. and Winston C., (eds.), Liability: Perspectives and Policy .

Devany, Arthur S., Gramm, Wendy L., Saving, Thomas R. and Smithson, Charles W. (1982), 'The Impact of Input Regulation: The Case of the U.S. Dental Industry', 25 Journal of Law and Economics , 367-381.

Dewees, Donald N., Coyte, Peter C. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1990), 'Medical Malpractice in Canada, 1971-1987', 14(54) Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance , 58-83.

Dewees, Donald N., Trebilcock, Michael J. and Duff, David (1990), 'The Medical Malpractice Explosion: an Empirical Assessment of Trends, Determinants, and Impacts', 17(4) Melbourne University Law Review , 539-565.

Dewees, Donald N., Trebilcock, Michael J. and Duff, David (1991), 'Malpractice Liability: A Crosscultural Perspective', in Schuck, Peter H. (ed.), Tort Law and the Public Interest: Competition, Innovation, and Consumer Welfare , New York, W.W. Norton, 205-237.

Dewees, Donald N., Trebilcock, Michael, J. and Coyte, Peter C. (1991), 'The Medical Malpractice Crisis: A Comparative Empirical Perspective', 54(1) Law and Contemporary Problems , 217-251.

Dolan, A.K. (1980), 'Occupational Licensure and Obstruction of Change in the Health Care Delivery System: Some Recent Developments', in Blair, Roger D. and Rubin, Stephen (eds.), Regulating the Professions: A Public-Policy Symposium , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Dranove, David, Shanley, Mark and White, William D. (1993), 'Price and Concentration in Hospital Markets: The Switch from Patient-Driven to Payer-Driven Competition', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 179-204.

Eisenberg, Barry S. (1980), 'Information Exchange among Competitors: The Issue of Relative Value Scales for Physicians' Services', 23 Journal of Law and Economics , 441-460.

Elhauge, Einer Richard (1994), 'Allocating Health Care Morally', 82 California Law Review , 1449 ff.

Elhauge, Einer Richard (1996), 'The Limited Potential of Medical Technology Assessment', Virginia Law Review .

Epstein, Richard (1976), 'Medical Malpractice: The Case for Contract', 76 American Bar Foundation Research Journal , 87 ff.

Epstein, Richard (1978), 'Medical Malpractice: its Cause and Cure', in Rottenberg, S. (ed.), The Economics of Medical Malpractice , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Epstein, Richard A. (1986), 'Medical Malpractice, Imperfect Information, and the Contractual Foundation for Medical Services', 49(2) Law and Contemporary Problems , 201-212.

Epstein, Richard A. (1988), 'Market and Regulatory Approaches to Medical Malpractice: The Virginia Obstetrical No-Fault Statute', 74 Virginia Law Review , 1451-1474.

Evans, R.G. (1976), 'Does Canada Have Too Many Doctors? - Why Nobody Loves an Immigrant Physician', 11 Canadian Public Policy , 147-159.

Evans, R.G., Parish, E.M.A. and Sully, F. (1973), 'Medical Productivity, Scale Effects and Demand Generation', 6 Canadian Journal of Economics , 376-393.

Fein, Rashi (1967), The Doctor Shortage: An Economic Diagnosis , Washington, Brookings Institution, 199 p.

Fein, Rashi and Weber, Gerald I. (1971), Financing Medical Education, An Analysis of Alternative Policies and Mechanisms , New York, Carnegie Commission on Higher Education and the Commonwealth Fund.

Feldman, P.H. (1980), 'The Impact of Third-Party Payment on Professional Practice: Lessons from the Medical Profession', in Blair, Roger D. and Rubin, Stephen (eds.), Regulating the Professions: A Public-Policy Symposium , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Feldstein, Martin S. (1970), 'The Rising Price of Physicians' Services', 52 Review of Economics and Statistics , 121-133.

Feldstein, P.J. (1977), Health Associations and the Demand for Legislation , Cambridge (MA), Ballinger.

Feldstein, Paul J. (1988), Health Care Economics , New York, Delmar Publishers, 634 p.

Fine, Max W. and Sunshine, Jonathan H. (1986), 'Malpractice Reform through Consumer Choice and Consumer Education: Are New Concepts Marketable?', 49(2) Law and Contemporary Problems , 213-222.

Frech, H. E. III (1996), Competition and Monopoly in Medical Care , Washington, D.C., The AEI Press, 191 p.

Frech, H. Edward III (1975), 'Occupational Licensure and Health Care Productivity: The Issues and the Literature', in Rafferty, John A. (ed.), Health, Manpower and Productivity , Lexington (KY), Heath, 119-142.

Frech, H. Edward III (1976), 'Property Rights Theory of the Firm: Empirical Results from a Natural Experiment', 84(1) Journal of Political Economy , 143-152.

Frech, H. Edward III (1977), 'The Economics of Medical Malpractice: Commentary', in Rottenberg, Simon (ed.), The Economics of Medical Malpractice , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 280-288.

Frech, H. Edward III (1978), 'Commentary', in Rottenberg, S. (ed.), Occupational Licensure and Regulation , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 280-288.

Frech, H. Edward III (1980), 'Market Power in Health Insurance: Effects on Insurance and Medical Markets', 18(1) Journal of Industrial Economics , 55-72.

Frech, H. Edward III (1980), 'Health Insurance: Private, Mutual or Government', S.1 Research in Law and Economics , 61-73.

Frech, H. Edward III (1980), 'Blue Cross, Blue Shield and Health Care Costs: A Review of the Economic Evidence', in Paul, Mark V. (ed.), National Health Insurance: What Now, What Later, What Never , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 250-263.

Frech, H. Edward III (1981), 'The Long-Lost Free Market in Health Care: Government and Professional Regulation in Medicine', in Olson, Mancur (ed.), A New Appraoch to the Economics of Health Care , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 44-66.

Frech, H. Edward III (1984), 'The Social Benefits of Price Competition in Medicine', 28(1) Perspectives in Biology and Medicine , 40-48.

Frech, H. Edward III (1984), 'Competition in Medical Care: Research and Policy', 5 Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research , 1-27.

Frech, H. Edward III (1985), 'Le systme amŽricain de SecuritŽ Sociale (The United States Health Care System)', in X (ed.), O Vont les Systmes de SantŽ? Les Carrefours de l'Industrie Pharmaceutique , Paris, Publications Essentielles, 25-30.

Frech, H. Edward III (1985), 'The Property Rights Theory of the Firm: Some Evidence form the U.S. Nursing Home Indusrty', 141 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics , 146-166.

Frech, H. Edward III (1987), 'Comments on Antitrust Issues', 7 Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research , 263-267.

Frech, H. Edward III (1988), Health Care in America: The Political Economy of Hospitals and Health Insurance , San Francisco, Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.

Frech, H. Edward III (1988), 'Introduction: The Political Economy of Health Care', in Frech, H.E., III (ed.), Health Care in America: The Political Economy of Hospitals and Health Insurance , San Fransisco, Pacific Research Institute, 1-26.

Frech, H. Edward III (1988), 'Monopoly in Health Insurance: The Economics of Kartell v. Blue Shield of Massachusetts', in Frech, H.E., III (ed.), Health Care in America: The Political Economy of Hospitals and Health Insurance , San Fransisco, Pacific Research Institute, 293-322.

Frech, H. Edward III (1988), 'Preferred Provider Organizations and Health Care Competition', in Frech, H.E., III (ed.), Health Care in America: The Political Economy of Hospitals and Health Insurance , San Fransisco, Pacific Research Institute, 353-372.

Frech, H. Edward III (1988), 'Review of the Health Economy by Victor Fuchs', 95(6) Journal of Political Economy , 1337-1340.

Frech, H. Edward III (1990), 'The United States (Health Care System)', in Rosa, Jean-Jacques (ed.), Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research , 43-76.

Frech, H. Edward III (1991), Regulating Doctor's Fees: Competition, Benefits and Controls under Medicare , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Frech, H. Edward III (1991), 'Overview of Policy Issues', in Frech, H.E., III (ed.), Regulating Doctor's Fees: Competition, Benefits and Controls under Medicare , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1-34.

Frech, H. Edward III (1992), 'Review of Serious and Unstable Condition: Financing America's Health Care, by Henry J. Aaron', 30 Journal of Economic Literature , 2165-2166.

Frech, H. Edward III (1993), 'What Can Reform Achieve in Health Care Cost-Containment: Commentary', in Helms, Robert B. (ed.), American Health Policy: Critical Issues for Reform , Wadhington, American Enterprise Institute, 298-302.

Frech, H. Edward III (1993), 'Health Insurance: Designing Products to Reduce Costs', in Duetsch, Larry L. and Cliffs, Englewood (eds.), Indusrty Studies , New York, Prentice Hall, 307-323.

Frech, H. Edward III (1993), 'Economie de la SantŽ', 103(2) Revue d'Economie Politique , 609-611.

Frech, H. Edward III (ed.) (1991), Health Economics Worldwide , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Frech, H. Edward III and Mobley, Lee Rivers (1994), 'Firm Growth and Failure in Increasingly Competitive Markets: Theory and Application to Hospital Markets', 1(1) Journal of the Economics of Business , 77-94.

Frech, H. Edward III and Mobley, Lee Rivers (1995), 'Resolving the Impasse on Hospital Scale Economies: A New Approach', 27 Applied Economics , 286-296.

Frech, H. Edward III and Woolley, Michael J. (1989), 'How Hospitals Compete: A Review of Literature', 2 Journal of Law and Public Policy , 57-80.

Frech, H. Edward III and Woolley, Michael J. (1992), 'Consumer Information, Price and Nonprice Competition Among Hospitals', in Frech, H.E., III and Zweifel, Peter (eds.), Health Economics Worldwide: Proceeding of the Second World Congres on Health Economics , Dordrecht, Kluwer, 217-244.

Frech, H. Edward III and Zweifel, Peter (1991), 'Preface', in Frech, H.E., III and Zweifel, Peter (eds.), Health Economics Worldwide: Proceeding of the Second World Congres on Health Economics , Dordrecht, Kluwer, 7-8.

Frech, H. Edward III, Borjas, George J. and Ginsburg, Paul B. (1983), 'Property Rights and Wages: The Case of Nursing Homes', 18(2) Journal of Human Resources , 231-246.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1975), 'Imposed Health Insurance in Monopolistic Markets, A Theoretical Analysis', 13(1) Economic Inquiry , 55-70.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1978), 'Competition Among Health Insurers', in Greenberg, Warren (ed.), Competition in the Health Care Sector: Past, Presence and Future , Washington, Federal Trade Commission, 210-237. Reprinted by Aspen Systems, Germantown, MD.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1978), Public Insurance in Private Medical Markets: Some Problems of National Health Insurance , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1980), 'The Cost of Nursing Home Care in the United States: Government Financing, Ownership and Efficiency', in Van Der Gaag, Jaques and Perlman, Mark (eds.), Health, Economics and Health Economics: Proceedings of the World Congress on Health Economics , Amsterdam, North-Holland, 67-91.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1981), 'Property Rights and Competition in Health Insurance: Multiple Objectives for Nonprofit Firms', 3 Research in Law and Economics , 155-172.

Frech, H.Edward III and Ginsburg, Paul G. (1988), 'Competition Among Health Insurers, Revisited', 13(2) Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law , 279-291. Reprinted Greenberg, Warren, Competition in the Health Care Sector: Ten Years Later, Durham, NC, Duke University Press, pp. 57-70.

Friedman, Milton (1962), Occupational Licensure." in Capitalism and Freedom , Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Friedman, Milton and Kuznets, S. (1945), Income from Independent Professional Practice , New York, National Bureau of Economic Research.

Goldberg, Victor P. (1975), 'Some Emerging Problems of Prepaid Health Plans in the Medi-Cal System', 1 Policy Analysis , 55-68.

Goldberg, Victor P. and Auger, Richard (1974), 'Prepaid Health Plans and Moral Hazard', 22 Public Policy , 353-397.

Goldsmith, Art (1989), 'Dental Hygienists' Wages: The Role of Human Capital and InstitutionalFactors', 29(2) Quarterly Review of Economics and Business , 56-67.

Grady, Mark F. (1988), 'Why Are People Negligent?: Technology, Nondurable Precautions, and the Medical Malpractice Explosion', 82 Northwestern University Law Review , 293 ff.

Gravelle, Hugh S.E. (1990), 'Medical Negligence: Evaluating Alternative Regimes', 15 Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance , 22-26.

Haas-Wilson, Deborah (1986), 'The Effect of Commercial Practice Restrictions: The Case of Optometry', 29 Journal of Law and Economics , 165-186.

Hall, Thomas D. and Lindsay, Cotton M. (1980), 'Medical Schools: Producers of What? Sellers to Whom?', 23 Journal of Law and Economics , 55-80.

Havighurst, Clark C. (1983), 'Decentralizing Decision Making: Private Contract Versus Professional Norms', in Meyer J., (ed.), Market Reforms in Health Care .

Havighurst, Clark C. (1986), 'Private Reform of Tort-Law Dogma: Market Opportunities and Legal Obstacles', 49 Law and Contemporary Problems , 143 ff.

Holen, Arlene S. (1965), 'Effects of Professional Licensing Arrangements on Interstate Labor Mobility and Resource Allocation', 73 Journal of Political Economy , 492-498.

Hughes, James W. (1989), 'The Effect of Medical Malpractice Reform Laws on Claim Disposition', 9 International Review of Law and Economics , 57-78.

Hughes, James W. and Savoca, Elizabeth (1997), 'Measuring the Effect of Legal Reforms on the Longevity of Medical Malpractice Claims', 17 International Review of Law and Economics , 261-273.

Hughes, James W. and Snyder, Edward A. (1989), 'Evaluating Medical Malpractice Reforms', 7(2) Contemporary Policy Issues , 83-498.

Hughes, James W. and Snyder, Edward A. (1989), 'Policy Analysis of Medical Malpractice Reforms: What Can We Learn from Claims Data?', 7 Journal of Business and Economic Statistics , 423-431.

Hunsaker, Ann T. (1985), 'The Federal Government's Perspective on Litigation and Health Care Costs', in Baily, Mary Ann and Cikins, Warren I. (eds.), The Effects of Litigation on Health Care Costs , Washington, Brookings Institution, 11-21.

Johnson, K., C. Phillips, D. Orentlicher and M. Hatlie (1989), 'A Fault-Based Administrative Alternative for Resolving Medical Malpractice Claims', 42 Vanderbilt Law Review , 1365 ff.

Joskow, Paul L. (1981), Controlling Hospital Costs: The Role of Government Regulation , Cambridge, MIT Press, 211 p.

Kendall, M. C. (1978), 'Expectations, Imperfect Markets, and Medical Malpractice Insurance', in Rottenberg, S. (ed.), The Economics of Medical Malpractice , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Kessel, Reuben A. (1958), 'Price Discrimination in Medicine', 1 Journal of Law and Economics , 20-53.

Kessel, Reuben A. (1970), 'The A.M.A. and the Supply of Physicians', 35 Law and Contemporary Problems , 267-283.

Kessel, Reuben A. (1972), 'Higher Education and the Nation's Health: A Review of the Carnegie Commission Report on Medical Education', 15 Journal of Law and Economics , 115-127.

Leffler, Keith B. (1978), 'Physician Licensure: Competition and Monopoly in American Medicine', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 165-186.

Lindsay, Cotton M. (1971), 'Measuring Human Capital Returns', 79 Journal of Political Economy , 1195-1215.

Lindsay, Cotton M. (1973), 'Real Returns to Medical Education', 8 Journal of Human Resources , 331-348.

Lynk, William J. (1988), 'Physician Price Fixing under the Sherman Act: An Indirect Test of the Maricopa Issues', 7 Journal of Health Economics , 95-109.

Marder, William D. and Willke, Richard J. (1991), 'Comparisons of the Value of Physician Time by Specialty', in Frech, H. E. (ed.), Regulating Doctors' Fees: Competition, Benefits, and Controls under Medicare , Washington, DC, American Enterprise Institute.

Maurizi, Alex R. (1974), 'Occupational Licensing and the Public Interest', 82 Journal of Political Economy , 399-413.

McCoid, Allan H. (1959), 'The Care Required of Medical Practitioners', 12 Vanderbilt Law Review , 549-632.

Mennemeyer, S.T. (1978), 'Really Great Returns to Medical Education?', 13 Journal of Human Resources , 75-90.

Metzloff, Thomas B. (1988), 'Researching Litigation: The Medical Malpractice Example', 51(4) Law and Contemporary Problems , 199-241.

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Newhouse, Joseph P., Williams, Albert P., Bennett, Bruce W. and Schwartz, William B. (1982), 'Does the Geographical Distribution of Physicians Reflect Market Failure?', 13 Bell Journal of Economics , 493-505.

Noether, Monica (1986), 'The Effect of Government Policy Changes on the Supply of Physicians: Expansion of a Competitive Fringe', 29 Journal of Law and Economics , 231-262.

Olsen, Reed Neil, The Efficiency of Medical Malpractice: Theory and Empirical Evidence , Working Paper, Department of Economics, Southwest Missouri State University, 1997b.

Olsen, Reed Neil (1996), 'The Reform of Medical Malpractice Law: Historical Perspectives', 55 The American Journal of Economics and Sociology , 257-275.

Olsen, Reed Neil (1997), 'The Efficiency of Medical Malpractice Law: A New Appraisal', 19 Research in Law and Economics .

Pashigian, B. Peter (1979), 'Occupational Licensing and the Interstate Mobility of Professionals', 22 Journal of Law and Economics , 1-25.

Pashigian, B. Peter (1980), 'Has Occupational Licensing Reduced Geographical Mobility and Raised Earnings?', in Rottenberg, Simon (ed.), Occupational Licensure and Regulation , Washington, DC, American Enterprise Institute.

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Quam, Lois (1990), 'Comment: Medical Malpractice in Canada, 1971-1987', 15 Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance , 81-83.

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Robinson, Glen O. (1986), 'The Medical Malpractice Crisis of the 1970's: A Retrospective', 49(2) Law and Contemporary Problems , 5-35.

Robinson, Glen O. (1986), 'Rethinking the Allocation of Medical Malpractice Risks between Patients and Providers', 49(2) Law and Contemporary Problems , 173-199.

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Shepard, Lawrence (1978), 'Licensing Restrictions and the Cost of Dental Care', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 187-201.

Siliciano, John A. (1991), 'Wealth, Equity, and the Unitary Medical Malpractice Standard', 77 Virginia Law Review , 439-487.

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Venezian, E.C., Nye, B.F. and Hofflander, A.E. (1989), 'The Distribution of Claims for Professional Malpractice: Some Statistical and Public Policy Aspects', 56 Journal of Risk and Insurance , 686-701.

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White, William D. (1983), 'Labor Market Organization and Professional Regulation: A Historical Analysis of Nursing Licensure', 7 Law and Human Behavior , 167-170.

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