Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 5860 Legal Professions

Allen, Ronald J., Grady, Mark F., Polsby, Daniel D. and Yashko, Michael S. (1990), 'A Positive Theory of the Attorney-Client Privilege and the Work Product Doctrine', 19 Journal of Legal Studies , 359-397.

Arnauld, R. J. (1972), 'Pricing Professional Services: A Case Study of the Legal Services Industry', 33 Southern Economic Journal .

Arnauld, R. J. and Friedland, Thomas S. (1977), 'The Effect of Fee Schedules on the Legal Services Industry', XII Journal of Human Resources .

Arnould, Richard J. (1972), 'Pricing Professional Services : A Case Study of the Legal Services Industry', 38 Southern Economic Journal , 495-507.

Arru–ada, Benito (1996), 'The Economics of Notaries', 3 European Journal of Law and Economics , 5-37.

Barzel, Yoram (1992), 'Confiscation by the Ruler: The Rise and Fall of Jewish Lending in the Middle Ages', 35 Journal of Law and Economics , 1-13.

Benham, Lee and Benham, Alexandra (1975), 'Regulating Through the Professions: A Perspective on Information Control', 18 Journal of Law and Economics , 421-447.

Bishop, William (1989), 'Regulating the Market for Legal Services in England: Enforced Separation of Function and Restrictions on Forms of Enterprise', 52 Modern Law Review , 326-351.

Bowles, Roger A. (1994), 'The Structure of the Legal Profession in England and Wales', 10 Oxford Review of Economic Policy , 18-33.

Bowles, Roger A. and Phillips, Jennifer (1977), 'Solicitors' Renumeration: A Critique of Recent Developments in Conveyancing', 40 Modern Law Review , 639-650.

Bowles, Roger A. and Skogh, Gšran (1989), 'Reputation, Monitoring and the Organisation of the Law Firm', in Faure, Michael and Van Den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Essays in Law and Economics. Corporations, Accident Prevention and Compensation for Losses , Antwerpen, Maklu, 33-47.

Calvani, Terry, Langenfeld, James and Shuford, Gordon (1988), 'Attorney Advertising and Competition at the Bar', 41 Vanderbilt Law Review , 761-788.

Carr, Jack L. and Mathewson, G. Frank (1988), 'Unlimited Liability as a Barrier to Entry', 96 Journal of Political Economy , 766-784.

Carr, Jack L. and Mathewson, G. Frank (1990), 'The Economics of Law Firms: A Study in the Legal Organization of the Firm', 33 Journal of Law and Economics , 307-330.

Carr, Jack L. and Mathewson, G. Frank (1991), 'Unlimited Liability and Law Firm Organization: Tax Factors and the Direction of Causation', 99 Journal of Political Economy , 426-428.

Charette, FrŽdŽrick (1992), 'LibŽraliser la publicitŽ des avocats: fondements et consŽquences (Liberalizing Lawyers' Advertising: Foundations and Consequences)', 71 Canadian Bar Review , 508-551.

Clermont, K.N. and Currivan, J.D. (1973), 'Improving on the Contingent Fee', 63 Columbia Law Review , 529-639.

Coffee, John C., Jr. (1987), 'The Regulation of Entrepreneurial Litigation: Balancing Fairness and Efficiency in the Large Class Action', 54 University of Chicago Law Review , 877-937.

Cox, Steven R. (1989), 'Advertising Restrictions among Professionals: Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977)', in Kwoka, J. & White, L. (ed.), The Antitrust Revolution: The Role of Economics , Scott Foresman.

Cox, Steven R., DeSerpa, Allan C. and Canby, William C., Jr. (1982), 'Consumer Information and the Pricing of Legal Services', 30 Journal of Industrial Economics , 305-318.

Cox, Steven R., Schroeter, John R. and Smith, Scott L. (1986), 'Attorney Advertising and the Quality of Routine Legal Services', 2 Review of Industrial Organization , 340-354.

Croson, Rachel and Mnookin, Robert H. (1997), 'Does Disputing through Agents Enhance Cooperation? Experimental Evidence', 16 Journal of Legal Studies , 331-345.

Curran, Christopher (1993), 'The American Experience with Self-Regulation in the Medical and Legal Professions', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu, 47-87.

Dana, James D., Jr. and Spier, Kathryn E. (1993), 'Expertise and Contingent Fees: The Role of Asymmetric Information in Attorney Compensation', 9 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 349-367.

Danzon, Patricia M. (1983), 'Contingent Fees for Personal Injury Litigation', 14 Bell Journal of Economics , 213-224.

Darby, Michael R. and Karni, Edi (1973), 'Free Competition and the Optimal Amount of Fraud', 16 Journal of Law and Economics , 111-126.

Dingwall, R. and Fenn, Paul T. (1987), 'A Respectable Profession? Sociological and Economic Perspectives on the Regulation of Professional Services', 7 International Review of Law and Economics , 51-64.

Domberger, Simon and Sherr, Avrom (1981), 'Economic Efficiency in the Provision of Legal Services: The Private Practitioner and the Law Centre', 1 International Review of Law and Economics , 29-49.

Domberger, Simon and Sherr, Avrom (1987), 'Competition in Conveyancing: An Analysis of Solicitors' Charges 1983 85', 8(3) Fiscal Studies , 17-28.

Domberger, Simon and Sherr, Avrom (1989), 'The Impact of Competition on Pricing and Quality of Legal Services', 9 International Review of Law and Economics , 41-56.

Domberger, Simon and Sherr, Avrom (1993), 'Price Discrimination in Conveyancing: A Reply to Our Critics', 13 International Review of Law and Economics , 103-107.

Elhauge, Einer Richard and Bundy Stephen M. (1993), 'Knowledge About Legal Sanctions', 92 Michigan Law Review , 201 ff.

Emons, Winand (1997), 'Credence goods and fraudulent experts', 28 Rand Journal of Economics , 107-119.

Evans, R.G. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (eds.) (1982), Lawyers and the Consumer Interest: Regulating the Market for Legal Services , Toronto, Butterworths.

Fama, Eugene F. and Jensen, Michael C. (1983), 'Separation of Ownership and Control', 26 Journal of Law and Economics , 301-325.

Fama, Eugene F. and Jensen, Michael C. (1983), 'Agency Problems and Residual Claims', 26 Journal of Law and Economics , 327-349.

Faure, Michael (1993), 'Regulation of Attorneys in Belgium', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.) (1993), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Federal Trade Commission (1984), Improving Consumer Access to Legal Services , Report of Staff of the Federal Trade Commission, Cleveland, Nov. 1984.

Finsinger, Jorg (1993), 'Attorneys: Summary of the Cross National Comparison', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Fisher, Joseph M. (1988), 'Contingent and Noncontingent Attorney's Fees in Personal Injury Cases', 6 Contemporary Policy Issues , 108-121.

Freeman, Richard B. (1975), 'Legal Cobwebs: a Recursive Model of the Market for New Lawyers', 62 Review of Economics and Statistics , 171-179.

Friedman, Milton and Kuznets, S. (1945), Income from Independent Professional Practice , New York, National Bureau of Economic Research.

Galanter, Marc and Palay, Thomas M. (1990), 'Why the Big Get Bigger: The Promotion-to-Partner Tournament and the Growth of Large Law Firms', 76 Virginia Law Review , 747-811.

Gilson, Ronald J. (1991), 'Unlimited Liability and Law Firm Organization: Tax Factors and the Direction of Causation', 99 Journal of Political Economy , 420-428.

Gravelle, Hugh S.E. and Waterson, Michael (1993), 'No Win, No Fee: Some Economics of Contingent Legal Fees', 103(420) Economic Journal , 1205-1220.

Gross, Leonard E. (1986), 'Contractual Limitations on Attorney Malpractice Liability: An Economic Approach', 75 Kentucky Law Journal , 793 ff.

Halpern, Paul J. and Turnbull, Stuart M. (1981), 'An Economic Analysis of Legal Fee Contracts', in Evans, R.M. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (eds.), Lawyers and the Consumer Interest , Toronto, Butterworths.

Hay, Bruce L. (1996), 'Contingent Fees and Agency Costs', 25 Journal of Legal Studies , 503-533.

Hazard, Geoffrey C., Jr., Pearce, Russell G. and Stempel, Jeffrey W. (1983), 'Why Lawyers Should Be Allowed to Advertise: A Market Analysis of Legal Services', 58 New York University Law Review , 1084-1113.

Helligman, K. (1993), 'An Economic Analysis of the Regulation of Lawyers in the Netherlands', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Herrmann, H. (1993), 'Regulation of Attorneys in Germany: Legal Framework and Actual Tendencies in Deregulation', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Holen, Arlene S. (1965), 'Effects of Professional Licensing Arrangements on Interstate Labor Mobility and Resource Allocation', 73 Journal of Political Economy , 492-498.

Hudec, Albert J. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1982), 'Lawyer Advertising and the Supply of Information in the Market for Legal Services', 20 University of Western Ontario Law Review , 53-99.

Jaffe, Austin J. (1986), 'The Creation, Evolution and Reformation of Appraisal Institutions, or the Care and Feeding of Real Estate Appraisers', in Kinnard, William N. (ed.), 1984 Real Estate Valuation Colloquium: A Redefinition of Real Estate Appraisel Precepts & Practices , Boston, Oelgesckager, Gunn & Hain, 325-359.

Jaffe, Austin J. (1988), 'Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Trade Associations: The Case of Real Estate Appraisers', 16 American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association Journal , 230-256.

Jaffe, Austin J. and Corgel, John B. (1984), 'Should Real Estate Appraisers Be Licensed?', 50 Real Estate Appraiser and Analyst , 21-26.

Johnson, E. (1981), 'Lawyer's Choice: A Theoretical Appraisal of Litigation Investment Decisions', 15 Law and Society Review .

Joseph, M. (1976), The Conveyancing Fraud , London, M. Joseph.

Julin, J.R. (1980), 'The Legal Profession: Education and Entry', in Blair, Roger D. and Rubin, Stephen (eds.), Regulating the Professions: A Public-Policy Symposium , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Kaplow, Louis and Shavell, Steven (1989), 'Legal Advice about Information to Present in Litigation: Its Effects and Social Desirability', 102 Harvard Law Review , 565-615.

Kaplow, Louis and Shavell, Steven (1990), 'Legal Advice about Acts Already Committed', 10 International Review of Law and Economics , 149-159.

Kaplow, Louis and Shavell, Steven (1992), 'Private versus Socially Optimal Provision of Ex Ante Legal Advice', 8 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 306-320.

Kay, John A. (1988), 'The Forms of Regulation', in Seldon, Arthur (ed.), Financial Regulation - or Over-Regulation , Institute of Economic Affairs, 33-42.

Kessel, Reuben A. (1958), 'Price Discrimination in Medicine', 1 Journal of Law and Economics , 20-53.

Klausner, Michael and White, Lawrence J. (1993), Structural Change in Banking , Irwin.

Klein, Benjamin and Leffler, Keith B. (1981), 'The Role of Market Forces in Assuring Contractual Performance', 89 Journal of Political Economy , 615-641.

Kleiner, Morris M., Gay, Robert S. and Greene, Karen (1982), 'Barriers to Labor Migration: The Case of Occupational Licensing', 12 Industrial Relations , 383-391.

Klepper, Steven, Mazur, Mark and Nagin, Daniel S. (1991), 'Expert Intermediaries and Legal Compliance: The Case of Tax Preparers', 34 Journal of Law and Economics , 205-229.

Kornhauser, Lewis A. and Revesz, Richard L. (1995), 'Legal Education and Entry into the Legal Profession: The Role of Race, Gender and Educational Debt', 829 New York University Law Review , 70 ff.

Kritzer, Herbert M. (1990), The Justice Broker: Lawyers and Ordinary Litigation , Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Kritzer, Herbert M., Felstiner, William L.F., Saret, A. and Trubeck, David M. (1985), 'The Impact of Fee Arrangement on Lawyer Effort', 251 Law and Society Review .

Kritzer, Herbert M., Sarat, Austin, Trubek, David, Bumiller, Kristin and McNichol, Elizabeth (1984), 'Understanding the Cost of Litigation: The Case of the Hourly-Fee Lawyer', 3 American Bar Foundation Research Journal , 559-604.

Kwon, J.K. (1978), 'A Model of the Law Firm', 45 Southern Economic Journal , 63-74.

Lees, D.S. (1966), The Economic Consequences of the Professions , London, Institute of Economic Affairs, 48 p.

Leffler, Keith B. (1978), 'Physician Licensure: Competition and Monopoly in American Medicine', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 165-186.

Leibowitz, Arleen and Tollison, Robert D. (1978), 'Earning and Learning in Law Firms', 7 Journal of Legal Studies , 65-81.

Leland, Hayne E. (1979), 'Quacks, Lemons, and Licensing: A Theory of Minimum Quality Standards', 87 Journal of Political Economy , 1325-1346.

Levmore, Saul (1993), 'Commissions and Conflicts in Agency Arrangements: Lawyers, Real Estate Brokers, Underwriters, and Other Agents' Rewards', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 503-539.

Lord Chancellor's Department (1998), Access to Justice with Conditional Fees , London, Lord Chancellor's Department.

Love, James H. and Stephen, Frank H. (1996), 'Advertising, Price and Quality in Self-regulating Professions: A Survey', 3 International Journal of the Economics of Business , 227-247.

Love, James H., Stephen, Frank H., Gillanders, Derek D. and Paterson, Alan A. (1992), 'Spatial Aspects of Deregulation in the Market for Legal Services', 26 Regional Studies , 127-147.

Lueck, Dean, Olsen, Reed and Ransom, Michael (1995), 'Market and Regulatory Forces in the Pricing of Legal Services', 7(1) Journal of Regulatory Economics , 63-83.

Lynk, William J. (1990), 'The Courts and the Market: An Economic Analysis of Contingent Fees in Class-Action Litigation', 19 Journal of Legal Studies , 247-260.

Matthews, Robin C.O. (1991), 'The Economics of Professional Ethics: Should the Professions be more like Businesses?', 101 Economic Journal , 737-750.

McChesney, Fred S. (1982), 'Team Production, Monitoring, and Profit Sharing in Law Firms: An Alternative Hypothesis', 11 Journal of Legal Studies , 379-393.

McChesney, Fred S. and Muris, Timothy J. (1979), 'The Effects of Advertising on the Quality of Legal Services', 65 American Bar Association , 1503-1503.

Miceli, Thomas J. (1994), 'Do Contingent Fees Promote Excessive Litigation?', 23 Journal of Legal Studies , 211-224.

Miceli, Thomas J. and Segerson, Kathleen (1991), 'Contingent Fees for Lawyers: The Impact on Litigation and Accident Prevention', 20 Journal of Legal Studies , 381-399.

Miller, Geoffrey P. (1987), 'Government Lawyers' Ethics in A System of Checks and Balances,', 54 University of Chicago Law Review , 1293 ff.

Miller, Geoffrey P. and Macey, Jonathan R. (1993), 'Firrea and the Desirability of Early Closure: A View of the Kaye, Scholar Case From the Perspective of Bank Regulatory Policy,', 66 University of Southern California Law Review , 1115 ff.

Miller, Geoffrey P. and Macey, Jonathan R. (1996), 'Reflections on Professional Responsibility in A Regulatory State,', 63 George Washington Law Review .

Miller, Geoffrey P. and Macey, Jonathan R. (1996), An Economic Analysis of Conflict of Interest Regulation , .

Miller, James C., III (1983), 'The FTC and voluntary Standards: Maximizing the Net Benefits of Self-Regulation', 4 Cato Journal , 897-903.

Mitchell, Daniel J.B. and Schwart, M.L. (1972), 'Theoretical Implications of Contingent Legal Fees', 12 Quarterly Review of Economics and Business , 69-76.

Monopolies And Mergers Commission (1970), A Report on the General Effect on the Public Interest of Certain Restrictive Practices so far as they prevail in relation to the Supply of Professional Services , Cmnd 4463, HMSO.

Monopolies And Mergers Commission (1976), Services of solicitors in England and Wales in relation to advertising , HC 457, HMSO, London.

Morgan, Thomas D. (1977), 'The Evolving Concept of Professional Responsibility', 90 Harvard Law Review , 702 ff.

Mulvey, C. (1980), 'Rate of Return to the Legal Profession in Scotland', 27 Scottish Journal of Political Economy , 250-259.

Murdock, G. W. and White, Jim (1985), 'Does Legal Service Advertising Serve the Public's Interest? A Study of Lawyer Ratings and Advertising Practices', 8 Journal of Consumer Policy , 153-165.

Mureiko, William R. (1989), 'Note: A Public Goods Approach to Calculating Reasonable Fees Under Attorney Fee Shifting Statutes', Duke Law Journal , 438 ff.

Muris, Timothy J. and McChesney, Fred S. (1979), 'Advertising and the Price and Quality of Legal Services: The Case for Legal Clinics', 1 American Bar Foundation Research Journal , 179-207.

Ogus, Anthony I. (1993), 'Regulation of the Legal Profession in England and Wales'', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Ogus, Anthony I. (1995), 'Rethinking Self-Regulation', 15 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies .

Pashigian, B. Peter (1977), 'The Market for Lawyers: The Determinants of the Demand for and Supply of Lawyers', 20 Journal of Law and Economics , 53-85.

Pashigian, B. Peter (1979), 'Occupational Licensing and the Interstate Mobility of Professionals', 22 Journal of Law and Economics , 1-25.

Pastor, Santos (1990), 'El an‡lisis econ—mico del acceso a la Justicia (The Economics of Access to Justice)', 687 Informaci—n Comercial Espa–ola , 23-42.

Paterson, Alan A., Farmer, Lindsay, Stephen, Frank H. and Love, James H. (1988), 'Competition and the Market for Legal Services', 15 Journal of Law and Society .

Paz-Ares, C‡ndido (1994), 'Seguridad jur’dica y sistema notarial (Certainty in the Law and the Notarial System)', in X (ed.), El libro colectivo de la fŽ pœblica , Madrid, 73-134. Igualmente publicado el Iuris 1, 1994, pp. 351-372.

Paz-Ares, C‡ndido (1995), El sistema notarial. Una aproximaci—n econ—mica (An Economic Approach to The Notarial System) , Madrid.

Png, Ivan Paak-Liang (1987), 'Litigation, Liability, and Incentives for Care', 34 Journal of Public Economics , 61-85.

Posner, Richard A. (1974), 'Theories of Economic Regulation', 5 Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , 335-358.

Prichard, J. Robert S. (1982), 'Incorporation by Lawyers', in Evans, R.M. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (eds.), Lawyers and the Consumer Interest , Toronto, Butterworths.

Quinn, Jack (1982), 'Multidisciplinary Services and Preventive Regulation', in Evans, R.M. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (eds.), Lawyers and the Consumer Interest , Toronto, Butterworths.

Ramseyer, J. Mark (1986), 'Lawyers, Foreign Lawyers, and Lawyer-Substitutes: The Market for Regulation in Japan', 27 Harvard International Law Journal , 499-986.

Rasmussen, Robert K. and Langevoort, Donald C. (1996), 'Skewing the Results: The Role of Lawyers in Transmitting Legal Rules', 5 Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal .

Ribstein, Larry E. (1991), 'A Theoretical Analysis of Professional Partnership Goodwill', 70 Nebraska Law Review , 36 ff.

Rickman, Neil (1994), 'The Economics of Contingent Fees in Personal Injury Litigation', 10 Oxford Review of Economic Policy , 34-50.

Rizzo, John A. and Zeckhauser, Richard J. (1992), 'Advertising and the Price, Quantity and Quality of Primary Physician Services', 28 Journal of Human Resources , 381-421.

Rogerson, William P. (1988), 'Price Advertising and the Deterioration of Product Quality', 55 Review of Economic Studies , 215-229.

Rosen, Sherwin (1992), 'The Market for Lawyers', 35 Journal of Law and Economics , 215-246.

Rowley, Charles K. (1989), 'Competition and te Right to Justice', 1(1) Legal Services Record , 11 ff.

Rowley, Charles K. (1992), The right to Jusitce: The Political Economy of Legal Services in the United States , Aldershot, Edward Elgar.

Rubinfeld, Daniel L. and Scotchmer, Suzanne (1993), 'Contingent Fees for Attorneys: An Economic Analysis', 24 Rand Journal of Economics , 343-356.

Schroeter, John R., Smith, Scott L. and Cox, Steven R. (1987), 'Advertising and Competition in Routine Legal Services Markets: an Empirical Investigation', 36 Journal of Industrial Economics .

Schwartz, Murray L. and Mitchell, Daniel J.B. (1970), 'An Economic Analysis of the Contingent Fee in Personal Injury Litigation', 22 Stanford Law Review , 1125-1162.

Scottish Home And Health Department (1989), The Legal Profession in Scotland , Edinburgh.

Shaked, Avner and Sutton, John (1981), 'Heterogeneous Consumers and Product Differentiation in a Market for Professional Services', 15 European Economic Review , 159-177.

Shaked, Avner and Sutton, John (1981), 'The Self-Regulating Profession', 47 Review of Economic Studies , 217-234.

Shaked, Avner and Sutton, John (1982), 'Imperfect Information, Perceived Quality and the Formation of Professional Groups', 27 Journal of Economic Theory , 170-181.

Shinnick, Edward (1995), The Market for Legal Services in Ireland , paper presented at Irish Economic Association conference.

Smith, B. L. (1992), 'Three Attorney Fee-Shifting Rules and Contingency Fees: Their Impact on Settlement Incentives', 90 Michigan Law Review , 2154-2189.

Smith, Janet Kiholm and Cox, Steven R. (1985), 'The Pricing of Legal Services: A Contractual Solution to the Problem of Bilateral Opportunism', 14 Journal of Legal Studies , 167-183.

Spier, Kathryn E. and Dana, James D., Jr. (1993), 'Expertise and Contingent Fees: The Role of Asymmetric Information in Attorney Compensation', 9 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 349-367.

Stephen, Frank H. (1993), 'Effects of Deregulation in Professional Service Markets: Scottish conveyancing markets 1984-1989', 9 Strathclyde Papers in Economics .

Stephen, Frank H. (1994), 'Advertising, Consumer Search Costs and Prices in a Professional Service Market', 26 Applied Economics , 1994 ff.

Stephen, Frank H. and Gillanders, Derek D. (1993), 'Ex Post Monitoring versus Ex Ante Screening in the New Institutional Economics', 149 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics .

Stephen, Frank H. and Love, James H. (1996), 'Deregulation of Legal Services Markets in the UK: Evidence from Conveyancing', 4 Hume Papers on Public Policy , 53-66.

Stephen, Frank H. and others (1992), 'Testing for Price Discrimination in the Market for Conveyancing Services', 12 International Review of Law and Economics , 397-404.

Stephen, Frank H., Love, James H. and Paterson, Alan A. (1994), 'Deregulation of Conveyancing Markets in England and Wales', 15 Fiscal Studies , 102-118.

Stephen, Frank H., Love, James H., Gillanders, Derek D. and Paterson, Alan A. (1993), 'Deregulation and Price Discrimination in the Conveyancing Market', 14 Managerial and Decision Economics , 365-375.

Stigler, George J. (1961), 'The Economics of Information', 69 Journal of Political Economy , 213-225.

Swanson, Timothy M. (1991), 'The Importance of Contingency Fee Arrangements', 11 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies .

Sykes, Alan O. (1993), 'Some Thoughts on the Real Estate Puzzle: Comment [Commissions and Conflicts in Agency Arrangements: Lawyers, Real Estate Brokers, Underwriters, and Other Agents' Rewards].', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 541-551.

Thomas, R. William (1985), 'Legal Service Advertising - A Comment on the Paper by Murdock and White', 8 Journal of Consumer Policy , 165-167.

Thomason, Terry (1991), 'Are Attorneys Paid What They're Worth? Contingent Fees and the Settlement Process', 20 Journal of Legal Studies , 187-223.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1982), 'Competitive Advertising', in Evans, R.M. and Trebilcock, Michael J. (eds.), Lawyers and the Consumer Interest , Toronto, Butterworths.

Van den Bergh, Roger (1993), 'Self-Regulation in the Medical and Legal Professions and the European Internal Market in Progress', in Faure, Michael, Finsinger, Jorg, Siegers, Jacques and Van den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Regulation of Professions , Antwerpen, Maklu.

Van den Bergh, Roger and Faure, Michael G. (1991), 'Self Regulation of the Professions in Belgium', 11 International Review of Law and Economics , 165-182.

Veljanovski, Cento G. and Whelan, Christopher J. (1983), 'Professional Negligence and the Quality of Legal Services - An Economic Perspective', 46 Modern Law Review , 700-718.

Watts, Alison (1994), 'Bargaining through an Expert Attorney', 10 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 158-186.

Wilson, Robert A. (1987), 'Rates of Return to Entering the Legal Profession: Some Further Evidence', 34 Scottish Journal of Political Economy , 174-191.

Wolfram, Charles W. (1984), 'The Second Set of Players: Lawyers, Fee Shifting, and the Limits of Professional Discipline', 47(1) Law and Contemporary Problems , 293-320.