Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 5400 Regulation of Natural Monopolies

Abdel Khalik, A.Rashad (1988), 'Incentives for Accruing Costs and Efficiency in Regulated Monopolies Subject to ROE Constraint', 26 Suppl. Journal of Accounting Research , 144-174.

Adie, Douglas K. (1985), 'Abolishing the Postal Monopoly: A Comment', 5 Cato Journal , 657-661.

Albon, Robert P. (1988), 'The Welfare Costs of the Australian Telecommunications Pricing Structure', 64 Economic Record , 102-112.

Antic Slavoljub (1994), 'Alternativni pristup regulaciji elektroprivrede (An Alternative Approach to the Electricity Sector Regulation)', 3-4 Ekonomist , 197-204.

Armstrong, Christopher and Nellis, Henry Vivian (1986), Monopoly's Moment: The Organization and Regulation , Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 393 p.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Halvorsen, Robert (1990), 'Tests of Allocative Efficiency in Regulated Multi-product Firms', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 65-77.

Atkinson, Scott E. and Kerkvliet, Joe (1989), 'Dual Measures of Monopoly and Monopsony Power: An Application to Regulated Electric Utilities', 71 Review of Economics and Statistics , 250-257.

Babilot, George, Frantz, Roger and Green, Louis (1987), 'Natural Monopolies and Rent: A Georgist Remedy for X Inefficiency among Publicly Regulated Firms', 46 American Journal of Economics and Sociology , 205-217.

Baca, Alvin (1987), 'FERC $50 ERA: Issues in Natural Gas Regulation', 27 Natural Resources Journal , 815-822.

Baish, Richard O. (1987), 'The Role of the California Public Utilities Commission in Western Gas', 27 Natural Resources Journal , 805-810.

Baldwin, John R. (1989), Regulatory Failure and Renewal: The Evolution of t , Ottawa, Supply and Services Canada, 122 p.

Barnes, David W. and Stout, Lynn A. (1992), Economic Foundations of Regulation and Antitrust Law , West Publishing.

Baron, David P. and Besanko, David A. (1984), 'Regulation and Information in a Continuing Relationship', 1(3) Information Economics and Policy , 267-302.

Baron, David P. and Besanko, David A. (1984), 'Regulation, Asymmetric Information, and Auditing', 15 Rand Journal of Economics , 447-470.

Beesley, Michael E. and Littlechild, Stephen C. (1989), 'The Regulation of Privatized Monopolies in the United Kingdom', 20 Rand Journal of Economics , 454-472.

Berg, Sanford V. and Tschirhart, John (1988), Natural Monopoly Regulation: Principles and Practice , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 564 p.

Bernard, Jean Thomas and Cairns, Robert D. (1987), 'On Public Utility Pricing and Forgone Economic Benefits', 20 Canadian Journal of Economics , 152-163.

Berry, S. Keith (1987), 'The Ratepayer and the Stockholder under Alternative Regulatory Policies: Comment', 63 Land Economics , 201-205.

Berry, S. Keith (1987), 'Rate of Return Regulation and Demand Uncertainty with a Symmetric Regulatory Constraint', 31(2) American Economist , 8-12.

Berry, S. Keith (1988), 'The Allocation of Risk between Stockholders and Ratepayers in Regulated Utilities', 64 Land Economics , 114-124.

Besen, Stanley M. (1974), 'The Economics of the Cable Television "Consensus"', 17 Journal of Law and Economics , 39-51.

Blackstone, Erwin A. and Fuhr, Joseph P., Jr. (1989), 'The Economics of Public Utility Regulation: Review Article', 17(2) Atlantic Economic Journal , 68-73.

Bold, Frederick C. (1987), 'Responses to Energy Efficiency Regulations', 8 Energy Journal , 111-123.

Bowman, Ward S. (1966), 'The New Haven, A Passenger Railroad for Nonriders', 9 Journal of Law and Economics , 49-59.

Boyes, William J. and McDowell, John M. (1989), 'The Selection of Public Utility Commissioners: A Reexamination of theImportance of Institutional Setting', 61 Public Choice , 1-13.

Bradley, Ian and Price, Catherine Waddams (1991), 'Partial and Mixed Regulations of Newly Privatized U.K. Monopolies', in Weigel, Wolfgang (ed.), Economic Analysis of Law - A Collection of Applications , Vienna, …sterreichischer Wirtschaftsverlag, 212-220.

Braeutigam, Ronald R. (1990), 'Regulatory Reform: Lessons for Natural Gas Pipelines', 8 Contemporary Policy Issues , 122-141.

Braeutigam, Ronald R. and Hubbard, R. Glenn (1986), 'Natural Gas: The Regulatory Transition', in Weiss, Leonard W. and Klass, Michael W. (ed.), Regulatory Reform: What Actually Happened , Boston, Little Brown, 137-168.

Braeutigam, Ronald R. and Panzar, John C. (1989), 'Diversification Incentives Under "Price-Based" and Cost- Based" Regulation', 20 Rand Journal of Economics , 373-391.

Broadman, Harry G. (1986), 'Natural Gas Deregulation: The Need for Further Reform', 5 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 496-516.

Broadman, Harry G. and Kalt, Joseph P. (1989), 'How Natural is Monopoly? The Case of Bypass in Natural Gas Distribution Markets', 6 Yale Journal on Regulation , 181-208.

Brown, Donald J. and Heal, Geoffrey M. (1987), 'Ramsey Pricing in Telecommunications Markets with Free Entry', in Crew, Michael A. (ed.), Regulating Utilities in an Era of Deregulation , New York, St. Martin's Press, 77-83.

Brown, Lorenzo (1988), 'Modelling Diversified Utilities and Cross Subsidization', 10 Resources and Energy , 213-224.

Buell, Stephe, G. and Guerard, John B., Jr. (1985), 'An Econometric Analysis of the Formal Regulatory Process', in Brown, Roy Chamberlain (ed.), Quantity and Quality in Economic Research , Lanham, University Press of America, Volume 1, 15-38.

Bulcke, J. (1987), 'Industrie en energie: 3. Electriciteit' [Industry and Energy: Electricity]', in X (ed.), 18de Vlaams Wetenschappelijk Economisch Congres, Brussel 8 en 9 mei 1987, Sociaal-economische Deregulering , Brussel, V.E.H.U.B., 421-440.

Bunn, Derek and Vlahos, Kiriakos (1989), 'Evaluation of the Long term Effects on UK Electricity Prices following Privatisation', 10(4) Fiscal Studies , 104-116.

Caillaud, Bernard (1990), 'Regulation, Competition, and Asymmetric Information', 52 Journal of Economic Theory , 87-110.

Chen, Andrew H. and Sanger, Gary C. (1985), 'An Analysis of the Impact of Regulatory Change: The Case of Natural Gas Deregulation', 20(1) Financial Review , 36-54.

Chen, Paul (1990), 'Prices vs. Quantities and Delegating Price Authority to a Monopolist', 57 Review of Economic Studies , 521-529.

Coase, Ronald H. (1961), 'The British Post Office and the Messenger Companies', 4 Journal of Law and Economics , 12-65.

Coase, Ronald H. (1962), 'The Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee', 5 Journal of Law and Economics , 17-47.

Coase, Ronald H. (1970), 'The Auction System and North Sea Gas: A Comment', 13 Journal of Law and Economics , 45-47.

Comanor, William S. and Mitchell, Bridger M. (1972), 'The Costs of Planning: The FCC and Cable Television', 15 Journal of Law and Economics , 177-206.

Costello, Kenneth W. (1988), 'The Struggle Over Electricity Transmission Access', 8 Cato Journal , 107-124.

Costello, Kenneth W. and Hemphill, Ross C. (1990), 'Competitive Pricing in the Electric Industry', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 49-63.

Cote, Daniel O. (1989), 'Firm Efficiency and Ownership Structure: The Case of U.S. Electric Utilities Using Panel Data', 60 Annals of Public and Cooperative Economy , 431-450.

Coursey, Don L., Isaac, R. Mark and Smith, Vernon L. (1984), 'Natural Monopoly and Contested Markets: Some Experimental Results', 27 Journal of Law and Economics , 91-113.

Cox, James C. and Isaac, R. Mark (1987), 'Mechanisms for Incentive Regulation: Theory and Experiment', 18 Rand Journal of Economics , 348-359.

Crain, W. Mark and Ekelund, Robert B., Jr. (1976), 'Chadwick and Demsetz on Competition and Regulation', 19 Journal of Law and Economics , 149-162.

Crandall, Robert W. (1988), 'Surprises form Telephone Deregulation and the AT&T Divestiture', 78 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 323-327.

Crew, Michael A. (ed.) (1985), Analyzing the Impact of Regulatory Change in Publi , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Crew, Michael A. (ed.) (1987), Regulating Utilities in an Era of Deregulation , New York, St. Martin's Press, 201 p.

Crew, Michael A. (ed.) (1989), Deregulation and Diversification of Utilities , Dordrecht, Kluwer, 206 p.

Crew, Michael A. (ed.) (1991), Competition and the Regulation of Utilities , Dordrecht, Kluwer, 224 p.

Crew, Michael A. and Kleindorfer, Paul R. (1985), 'Governance Costs of Rate of Return Regulation', 141 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics , 104-123.

Crew, Michael A. and Kleindorfer, Paul R. (1985), 'Governance Structures for Natural Monopoly: A Comparative Institutional Assessment', 14 Journal of Behavioral Economics , 117-140.

Crew, Michael A. and Kleindorfer, Paul R. (1986), The Economics of Public Utility Regulation , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press, 304 p.

Crew, Michael A. and Kleindorfer, Paul R. (1987), 'Productivity Incentives and Rate-of-Return Regulation', in Crew, Michael A. (ed.), Regulating Utilities in an Era of Deregulation , New York, St. Martin's Press, 7-23.

Crew, Michael A. and Rowley, Charles K. (1988), 'Toward a Public Choice Theory of Monopoly Regulation', 57 Public Choice , 49-67.

Crew, Michael A., Kleindorfer, Paul R. and Schlenger, Donald L. (1987), 'Governance Costs of Regulation for Water Supply', in Crew, Michael A. (ed.), Regulating Utilities in an Era of Deregulation , New York, St. Martin's Press, 43-62.

Crocker, Keith J. and Masten, Scott E. (1988), 'Mitigating Contractual Hazards: Unilateral Options and Contract Length', 19 Rand Journal of Economics , 327-343.

Crockett, J.H., Jr. (1976), 'Differential Pricing and Inter consumer Efficiency in the Electric Power Industry', 7 Bell Journal of Economics , 293-298.

Culbertson, William Patton, Jr. (1977), 'A Redistributive Effect of Natural Gas Price Regulation', 16(4) Nebraska Journal of Economics and Business , 91-95.

Dam, Kenneth W. (1965), 'Oil and Gas Licensing and the North Sea', 8 Journal of Law and Economics , 51-75.

Dam, Kenneth W. (1970), 'The Pricing of North Sea Gas in Britain', 13 Journal of Law and Economics , 11-44.

Dam, Kenneth W. (1971), 'Implementation of Import Quotas: The Case of Oil', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 1-60.

Dam, Kenneth W. (1974), 'The Evolution of North Sea Licensing Policy in Britain and Norway', 17 Journal of Law and Economics , 213-263.

Dana, James D., Jr. and Spier, Kathryn E. (1994), 'Designing a Private Industry : Government Auctions with Endogenous Market Structure', 53 Journal of Public Economics , 127-147.

Danielsen, Albert L., Kamerschen, David R. and Keenan, Donald C. (1990), 'Third Best Pricing Rules for Regulated Utilities', 56 Southern Economic Journal , 628-638.

Davis, Jerome, Breinholt Larsen, Finn and Pagh Nielsen, Karen Marie (1984), Offentlig styring af olie-gas aktiviteter i Gr¢nland (Public Regulation of Oil and Gas Activities in Greenland) , Aarhus University Press.

De Alessi, Louis (1983), 'Private Ownership and Limits to Retroactive Regulation of Utility Rates', 37 University of Miami Law Review , 433 ff.

Debrock, Lawrence M. and Smith, J.L. (1983), 'Joint Bidding, Information Pooling, and the Performance of Petroleum Lease Auctions', 14 Bell Journal of Economics , 395-404.

Delaney, J.B. and Honeycutt, T.C. (1976), 'Determinants of Research and Development Activity by Electric Utilities: Comment', 7 Bell Journal of Economics , 722-725.

Della Valle, Anna P. (1988), 'Short run versus Long run Marginal Cost Pricing', 10 Energy Economics , 283-286.

Demsetz, Harold (1968), 'Why Regulate Utilities', 11 Journal of Law and Economics , 55-65.

Dewees, Donald N. (1987), 'Does the Danger of Asbestos in Buildings Warrant the Cost of Taking it Out ?', 75 American Scientist , 285-288.

Doppegieter, J.J., Hamman, W.D. and Lambrechts, I.J. (1989), 'Tariff Policies for Public Utilities: The Accounting Cost Approach', 13(2) Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics , 49-57.

Dreyfus, Daniel A. (1989), 'Deregulation of Utilities: The Natural Gas Experience', 24(2) Business Economics , 41-47.

Eckel, Catherine C. (1987), 'Customer Class Price Discrimination by Electric Utilities', 39 Journal of Economics and Business , 19-33.

Eickhof, Norbert (1986), 'Versorgungswirtschaft und Wettbewerbsordnung (Public Utilities and the Competitive System)', in Eucken, Walter and Bohm, Franz (eds.), Ordo: Jahrbuch fur die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft , Stuttgart, Gustav Fischer, 201-218.

Einhorn, Michael A. (1987), 'Optimality and Sustainability: Regulation and Intermodal Competition in Telecommunications', 18 Rand Journal of Economics , 550-563.

Einhorn, Michael A. (1990), 'Purchasing Power for Grid: A Social Contract Approach', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 33-48.

Etzioni, Amitai (1986), 'Does Regulation Reduce Electricity Rates? A Research Note', 19(4) Policy Sciences , 349-357.

Evans, Lewis and Garber, Steven (1988), 'Public-Utility Regulators Are Only Human: A Positive Theory of Rational Constraints', 78 American Economic Review , 444-462.

Fabella, Raul V. (1989), 'Monopoly Deregulation in the Presence of Tullock Activities', 62 Public Choice , 287-293.

Fanara, Philip, Jr. and Sweet, David M. (1984), 'What Do Regulated Firms Maximize? Some Empirical Evidence from the Natural Gas Pipeline Industry', 28(1) American Economist , 44-48.

Fare, Rolf and Logan, James (1986), 'Regulation, Scale and Productivity: A Comment', 27 International Economic Review , 777-781.

Fare, Rolf, Grosskopf, Shawna and Logan, James (1985), 'The Relative Performance of Publicly Owned and Privately Owned Electric Utilities', 26 Journal of Public Economics , 89-106.

Ferris, Stephen P., Johnson, Dana J. and Shome, Dilip K. (1986), 'Regulatory Environment and Market Response to Public Utility Rate Decisions', 9 Journal of Financial Research , 313-318.

Finsinger, Jšrg and Vogelsang, Ingo (1981), 'Alternative Institutional Frameworks for Price Incentive Mechanisms', 34 Kyklos , 388-404.

Fitzpatrick, Dennis B., Settle, John W. and Petry, Glenn H. (1988), 'An Empirical Examination of Rate of Return Regulation in the ElectricUtility Industry: 1971 1982', 40 Journal of Economics and Business , 27-44.

Foreman Peck, J.S. (1987), 'Natural Monopoly and Railway Policy in the Nineteenth Century', 39 Oxford Economic Papers , 699-718.

Fox Penner, Peter S. (1990), 'Regulating Independent Power Producers: Lessons of the PURPA Approach', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 117-141.

Fox, William F. and Hofler, Richard A. (1986), 'Using Homothetic Composed Error Frontiers to Measure Water Utility Efficiency', 53 Southern Economic Journal , 461-477.

Fox-Penner, Peter S. (1990), 'Cogeneration after PURPA: Energy Conservation and Industry Structure', 33 Journal of Law and Economics , 517-552.

Frech, H. Edward III and Decanio, Stephen J. (1993), 'Vertical Contracts: A Natural Experiment in Gas Pipeline Regulation', 149 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics , 370-392.

Freeman, S. David (1986), 'Electric Utility Conservation Programs: Progress and Problems: Comments', in Sawhill, John C. and Cotton, Richard (eds.), Energy Conservation: Successes and Failures , Washington, Brookings Institution, 160-162.

Fuhr, Joseph P., Jr. (1990), 'Vertical Integration and Regulation in the Electric Utility Industry', 24 Journal of Economic Issues , 173-187.

Gathon, Henry Jean (1988), 'La distribution de l'eau en Belgique: Prix, cožt et efficacitŽ (The Distribution of Water in Belgium: Price, Cost and Efficiency)', 0(119) Cahiers Economiques de Bruxelles , 371-384.

Geddes, R. Richard and Griffes, Peter H. (1990), 'The Electric Utility Industry: New Challenges and Old Questions', 12 Resources and Energy , 1-15.

Georgantzis, Nikolaos (1992), The Social Aspects of Telecommunications: Targeted Subsidies as a Means to Achieve Universal Basic Services , Report for the A-3 Unit (Economic Questions and Studies) of DG IV (Competition) of the European Comission.

Gerber, David J. (1988), 'Rethinking the Monopolist's Duty to Deal: A Legal and Economic Critique of the Doctrine of "Essential Facilities"', 74 Virginia Law Review , 1069-1113.

Gerwig, Robert W. (1962), 'Natural Gas Production: A Study of Costs of Regulation', 5 Journal of Law and Economics , 69-92.

Gilligan, Thomas W., Marshall, William J. and Weingast, Barry R. (1989), 'Regulation and the Theory of Legislative Choice: The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887', 32 Journal of Law and Economics , 35-61.

Goldberg, Victor P. (1971), 'Marginal Cost Pricing, Investment Theory and CATV: Comment', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 513-516.

Goldberg, Victor P. (1979), 'Protecting the Right to be Served by Public Utilities', 1 Research in Law and Economics , 145-156.

Golec, Joseph (1990), 'The Financial Effects of Fuel Adjustment Clauses on Electric Utilities', 63 Journal of Business , 165-186.

Gordon, Richard L. (1990), 'Timidity in Electric Utility Deregulation', 12(1) Resources and Energy , 17-32.

Gormley, William, Hoadley, John and Williams, Charles (1983), 'Potential Responsiveness in the Bureaucracy: Views of Public Utility Regulation', 77 American Political Science Review , 704-717.

Gort, Michael and Wall, Richard A. (1988), 'Foresight and Public Utility Regulation', 96 Journal of Political Economy , 177-188.

Grandy, Christopher (1989), 'Can Government Be Trusted to Keep Its Part of a Social Contract?: New Jersey and the Railroads, 1825-1888', 5 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 249-269.

Greenberg, Edward (1967), 'Wire Television and the FCC's Second Report and Order on CATV Systems', 10 Journal of Law and Economics , 181-192.

Griffin, James M. and Mayor, Thomas H. (1987), 'The Welfare Gain from Efficient Pricing of Local Telephone Services', 30 Journal of Law and Economics , 465-487.

Hartley, Peter and Trengove, Chris (1986), 'Who Benefits from Public Utilities?', 62 Economic Record , 163-179.

Hayashi, Paul M., Sevier, Melanie and Trapani, John M. (1987), 'An Analysis of Pricing and Production Efficiency of Electric Utilities by Mode of Ownership', in Crew, Michael A. (ed.), Regulating Utilities in an Era of Deregulation , New York, St. Martin's Press, 111-136.

Hazlett, Thomas W. (1986), 'Private Monopoly and the Public Interest: An Economic Analysis of the Cable Television Franchise', 134 University of Pennsylvania Law Review , 1335-1409.

Hazlett, Thomas W. (1988), 'Wiring the Constitution for Cable', 12(1) Regulation , 30-34.

Hazlett, Thomas W. (1990), 'Duopolistic Competition in Cable Television: Implications for Public Policy', 7 Yale Journal on Regulation , 65-119.

Hazlett, Thomas W. (1995), 'Predation in Local Cable TV Markets', 40 Antitrust Bulletin , 609-644.

Helbling, Hans H. and Turley, James E. (1975), 'Oil Price Controls: A Counterproductive Effort', 57(11) Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review , 2-6.

Helm, Dieter (1988), 'Regulating the Electricity Supply Industry', 9(3) Fiscal Studies , 86-105.

Henderson, J. Stephen (1986), 'The Effect of Regulation on Nonuniform Electricity Price Schedules inthe United States', 29 Journal of Public Economics , 317-332.

Hendricks, Walter (1975), 'The Effect of Regulation on Collective Bargaining in Electric Utilities', 6 Bell Journal of Economics , 451-465.

Herguera, I–igo and Martinelli, Cesar (1995), 'Regulacion de precios de interconexion (Price Regulation in Commun)', 747 Informaci—n Comercial Espa–ola - Revista de Economia , 73-86.

Hillman, Jordan Jay and Braeutigam, Ronald R. (1989), Price Leval Regulation for Diversified Public Utilities: An Assessment , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 141 p.

Hilton, George W. (1966), 'The Consistency of the Interstate Commerce Act', 9 Journal of Law and Economics , 87-113.

Hollas, Daniel R. and Friedland, Thomas S. (1980), 'Price Discrimination in the Municipal Electric Industry', 2 Research in Law and Economics , 181-198.

Hollas, Daniel R. and Stansell, Stanley R. (1988), 'Regulation, Interfirm Rivalry, and the Economic Efficiency of Natural Gas Distribution Facilities', 28(4) Quarterly Review of Economics and Business , 21-37.

Hollas, Daniel R. and Stansell, Stanley R. (1988), 'An Examination of the Effect of Ownership Form on Price Efficiency: Proprietary, Cooperative and Municipal Electric Utilities', 55(2) Southern Economic Journal , 336-350.

Hotelling, Harold (1938), 'The General Welfare in Relation to Problems of Taxation and Railway and Utility Rates', 6 Econometrica , 242-269.

Hovenkamp, Herbert J. (1988), 'Regulatory Conflict in the Gilded Age: Federalism and the Railroad Problem', 97 Yale Law Journal , 1017-1072.

Huettner, David A. (1987), 'The Effect of the Public Utility Regulatory Policy Act on the Electric Utility Industry', in Pachauri, R.K. (ed.), Global Energy Interactions , Riverdale, Riverdale, 189-203.

Hughes, Joseph P. (1990), 'Profit Maximizing Input Demand under Rate of Return Regulation: Pathological Substitution and Output Effects', 12 Resources and Energy , 79-95.

Isaac, R. Mark (1980), 'Petroleum Price Controls When Information Is a Joint Product', 56 Land Economics , 181-187.

Jacobson, Charles (1989), 'Same Game, Different Players: Problems in Urban Public Utility Regulation, 1850 1987', 26 Urban Studies , 13-31.

Jarrell, Gregg A. (1978), 'The Demand for State Regulation of the Electric Utility Industry', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 269-295.

Jewkes, John (1958), 'British Monopoly Policy 1944-56', 1 Journal of Law and Economics , 1-19.

Jones, Douglas N. (1988), 'Regulatory Concepts, Propositions, and Doctrines: Casualties and Survivors', 22 Journal of Economic Issues , 108-190.

Jones, L.R. and Thompson, Frederick (1984), 'Incremental vs. Comprehensive Reform of Economic Regulation: Predictable Outcomes and Unintended Consequences', 43 American Journal of Economics and Sociology , 1-17.

Jordan, William A. (1972), 'Producer Protection, Prior Market Structure and the Effects of Government Regulation', 15 Journal of Law and Economics , 151-176.

Jorgenson, Dale W. and Slesnick, Daniel T. (1987), 'General Equilibrium Analysis of Natural Gas Price Regulation', in Bailey, Elizabeth E. (ed.), Public Regulation: New Perspectives on Institutions and Policies. MIT Press Series on the Regulation of Economic Activity, no. 14 , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press, 153-190.

Joskow, Paul L. (1974), 'Inflation and Environmental Concern: Structural Change in the Process of Public Utility Price Regulation', 17 Journal of Law and Economics , 291-327.

Joskow, Paul L. and Schmalensee, Richard L. (1983), Markets for Power: An Analysis of Electric Utility , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press, 269 p.

Jurewitz, John L. (1988), 'Deregulation of Electricity: A View from Utility Management', 6(3) Contemporary Policy Issues , 25-241.

Kaplow, Louis (1993), 'An Ex Ante Perspective on Deregulation, Viewed Ex Post', 15(2) Resource and Energy Economics , 153-173.

Kaufer, Erich (1985), 'The Transaction Costs of Rate of Return Regulation: Comment', 141 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics , 124-126.

Kearl, J.R. (1983), 'Rules, Rule Intermediaries and the Complexity and Stability of Regulation', 22 Journal of Public Economics , 215-226.

Kelly, Kevin and others (1987), Some Economic Principles for Pricing Wheeled Power , Columbus, National Regulatory Research Institute, 361 p.

Kelly, Suedeen G. (1987), 'Regulatory Reform of the U.S. Natural Gas Industry: A Summing Up', 27 Natural Resources Journal , 841-863.

Kendrick, J.W. (1975), 'Efficiency Incentives and Cost Factors in Public Utility Automatic Revenue Adjustment Clauses', 6(1) Bell Journal of Economics , 299-313.

Keshava, G. P. (1986), 'A Review of the Theory of Electricity Pricing', 34(2) Indian Economic Journal , 71-86.

Kim, Jae Cheol and Ahn, Byong Hun (1990), 'On the Economics of Cogeneration: Pricing and Efficiency in Government Owned Utilities', 11 Energy Journal , 87-99.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1968), 'Regulation of the Field Market for Natural Gas by the Federal Power Commission', 11 Journal of Law and Economics , 243-280.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1972), 'The Yellow Cab Antitrust Case', 15 Journal of Law and Economics , 327-336.

Kitch, Edmund W., Isaacson, Marc and Kasper, Daniel (1972), 'The Regulation of Taxicabs in Chicago', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 285-350. Reprinted in Brookings Institute Reprint No. 255, 1972.

Kling, Robert W. (1989), 'General Equilibrium Effects of Regulation', 33(2) American Economist , 53-59.

Koller, Roland H. II (1973), 'Why Regulate Utilities? To Control Price Discrimination', 16 Journal of Law and Economics , 191-192.

Kryzanowski, Lawrence and Jalilvand, Abolhassan (1986), 'Statistical Tests of the Accuracy of Alternative Forecasts: Some Results for U.S. Utility Betas', 21 Financial Review , 319-335.

Laber, Gene (1988), 'Regulators' Decisions on Rates of Return: Recent Experience in the Telephone Industry', 27(2) Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics , 3-22.

Laffont, Jean-Jacques and Tirole, Jean (1986), 'Using Cost Observation to Regulate Firms', 94 Journal of Political Economy , 614-641.

Lerner, Abba P. (1964), 'Conflicting Principles of Public Utility Price Regulation', 7 Journal of Law and Economics , 61-70.

Lesser, Jonathan A. (1989), 'The Economics of Preference Power', 12 Research in Law and Economics , 131-151.

Lewis, Tracy R. and Sappington, David E.M. (1988), 'Regulating a Monopolist with Unknown Demand and Cost Functions', 19 Rand Journal of Economics , 438-457.

Lewis, Tracy R. and Sappington, David E.M. (1988), 'Regulating a Monopolist with Unknown Demand', 78 American Economic Review , 986-998.

Lewis, Tracy R. and Sappington, David E.M. (1989), 'Regulatory Options and Price-Cap Regulation', 20 Rand Journal of Economics , 405-416.

Lipartito, Kenneth (1989), 'System Building at the Margin: The Problem of Public Choice in the Telephone Industry', 49 Journal of Economic History , 323-336.

Loeb, Martin and Magat, Wesley A. (1979), 'A Decentralized Method for Utility Regulation', 22 Journal of Law and Economics , 399-404.

Logan, John W., Masson, Robert T. and Reynolds, Robert J. (1989), 'Efficient Regulation with Little Information: Reality in the Limit?', 30 International Economic Review , 851-861.

Lyon, Thomas P. (1990), 'Natural Gas Policy: The Unresolved Issues', 11(2) Energy Journal , 23-49.

Macavoy, Paul W. (1971), 'The Regulation-Induced Shortage of Natural Gas', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 167-199.

Macavoy, Paul W., Spulber, Daniel F. and Stangle, Bruce E. (1989), 'Is Competitive Entry Free? Bypass and Partial Deregula tion in Natural Gas Markets', 6 Yale Journal on Regulation , 209-247.

Magat, Wesley A. (1976), 'Regulation and the Rate and Direction of Induced Technical Change', 7 Bell Journal of Economics , 478-496.

Makhija, Anil K. and Spiro, Michael H. (1989), 'Determinants of Earned Rates of Return on Equity of U.S. Electric Utilities, 1976 1984', 30 Economic Letters , 367-371.

Maloney, Michael T., McCormick Robert E. and Tollison, Robert D. (1984), 'Economic Regulation, Competitive Governments, and Specialised Resources', 27 Journal of Law and Economics , 329-338.

Mann, Patrick C. (1974), 'User Power and Electricity Rates', 17 Journal of Law and Economics , 433-443.

Mann, Patrick C. (1979), 'The Dynamics of Traditional Rate Regulation', 1 Research in Law and Economics , 195-212.

Marx, Jane (1986), 'Regulation of Electric Utilities and Affiliated Coal Companies Determining Reasonable Expenses: Comment', 26 Natural Resources Journal , 851-869.

Mathios, Alan D. and Rogers, Robert P. (1989), 'The Impact of Alternative Forms of State Regulation of AT&T on Direct-Dial, Long-Distance Telephone Rates', 20 Rand Journal of Economics , 437-453.

Mayer, Robert N., Zick, Cathleen D. and Burton, John R. (1989), 'Consumer Representation and Local Telephone Rates', 23 Journal of Consumer Affairs , 267-284.

Mayo, John W. and Flynn, Joseph E. (1988), 'The Effects of Regulation on Research and Development: Theory and Evidence', 61 Journal of Business , 321-336.

McConnell, Michael W. (1988), 'Public Utilities' Private Rights: Paying for Failed Nuclear Power', 12(2) Regulation , 35-43.

McNicol, David L. (1979), 'Price Discrimination and Peak-load Pricing Subject to Rate of Return Constraint', 1 Research in Law and Economics , 213-238.

Megdal, Sharon B. (1989), 'On Regulation, Deregulation, and Economics', 10(3) Energy Journal , 181-195.

Melody, William H. (1989), 'Efficiency and Social Policy in Telecommunication: Lessons from the U.S. Experience', 23 Journal of Economic Issues , 657-688.

Michaels, Robert J. (1989), 'Reorganizing Electricity Supply in New Zealand: Lessons for the United States', 7(4) Contemporary Policy Issues , 73-90.

Millward, Robert and Ward, Robert (1987), 'The Costs of Public and Private Gas Enterprises in Late 19th Century Britain', 39 Oxford Economic Papers , 719-737.

Minasian, Jora R. (1964), 'Television Pricing and the Theory of Public Goods', 7 Journal of Law and Economics , 71-80.

Moorhouse, John C. (ed.) (1986), Electric Power: Deregulation and the Public Intere , San Francisco (CA), Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.

Munroe, Tapan (1987), 'Electric Utility Competition: Lessons from Others', 12(2) Journal of Energy and Development , 203-214.

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