Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 5130 Product Safety and Quality Regulation

Alexander, Donald L. (1990), 'An Empirical Investigation of Lawn Mower Safety Regulation', 22 Applied Economics , 795-804.

Anderson, Gary M. (1990), 'Parasites, Profits, and Politicians: Public Health and Public Choice', 9 Cato Journal , 557-578.

Anderson, Richard K. and Enomoto, Carl E. (1987), 'Product Quality Regulation: A General Equilibrium Analysis', 20 Canadian Journal of Economics , 735-749.

Arnould, Richard J. and Grabowski, Henry G. (1983), 'Automobile Safety Regulation: A Review of the Evidence', 5 Research in Law and Economics , 233-267.

Arru–ada, Benito (1995), 'Dise–o organizativo y gesti—n de personal en la sanidad pœblica (Organization and Management of Human Resources in the Public Healthcare System)', in A.E.S. (ed.), Cambios en la regulaci—n sanitaria , Barcalona, SG Editores, 64-119.

Arru–ada, Benito (1995), 'The Search for Efficiency in the Spanish Healthcare System', in X (ed.), A Mixed Market in Healthcare, A New European Convergence , Londres, European Policy Forum, 52-64.

Asch, Peter (1986), 'Automobile Safety: Is Government Regulation Really Our Savior?', 3 Yale Journal on Regulation , 383-389.

Asch, Peter (1990), 'Food Safety Regulation: Is the Delaney Clause the Problem or Symptom?', 23(2) Policy Sciences , 97-110.

Ashford, Nicholas A. and Heaton, George R., Jr. (1983), 'Regulation and Technological Innovation in the Chemical Industry', 46(3) Law and Contemporary Problems , 109-157.

Babcock, Linda and others (1995), 'Forming Beliefs about Adjudicated Outcomes: Perceptions of Risk and Reservation Values', 15 International Review of Law and Economics , 289-303.

Backhaus, JŸrgen G. (1983), 'Competition, Innovation and Regulation in the Pharmaceutical Industry', 4(2) Managerial and Decision Economics , 107-121.

Beales, J. Howard, III (1980), 'The Economics of Regulating the Professions', in Blair, Roger D. and Rubin, Stephen (eds.), Regulating the Professions: A Public-Policy Symposium , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Blair, Roger D. and Kaserman, David L. (1980), 'Preservation of Quality and Sanctions within the Professions', in Blair, Roger D. and Rubin, Stephen (eds.), Regulating the Professions: A Public-Policy Symposium , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books.

Bockstael, Nancy E. (1987), 'Economic Efficiency Issues of Grading and Minimum Quality Standards', in Kilmer, Richard L. and Armbruster, Walter J. (E (eds.), Economic Efficiency in Agricultural and Food Marketing , Ames, Iowa State University Press, 231-250.

Burrows, Paul (1992), 'Consumer Safety under Products Liability and Duty to Disclose', 12 International Review of Law and Economics , 457-478.

Campbell, Rita Ricardo (1976), Food Safety Regulations: A Study of the Use and Li , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Claybrook, Joan and Bollier, David (1985), 'The Hidden Benefits of Regulation: Disclosing the Auto Safety Payoff', 3 Yale Journal on Regulation , 87-131.

Crain, W. Mark (1980), Vehicle Safety Inspection Systems - How Effective? , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Crandall, Robert W. (1986), 'The Market for Housing Quality: Comments', in Ippolito, Pauline M. and Scheffman, David T. (eds.), Empirical Approaches to Consumer Protection Econom , Washington, Federal Trade Commission, 103-104.

Crandall, Robert W. and Graham, John D. (1984), 'Automobile Safety Regulation and Offsetting Behavior: Some New Empirical Estimates', 74 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 328-331.

Crandall, Robert W. and Graham, John D. (1989), 'The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Automobile Safety', 32 Journal of Law and Economics , 97-118.

Crandall, Robert W. and others (1986), Regulating the Automobile , Washington, Brookings Institution, 202 p.

Curran, Christopher and Dwyer, Gerald P., Jr. (1989), 'The Effect of the Double Nickel Speed Limit on Death Rates', in Faure, Michael and Van Den Bergh, Roger (eds.), Essays in Law and Economics. Corporations, Accident Prevention and Compensation for Losses , Antwerpen, Maklu, 117-156.

Dewees, Donald N. (ed.) (1983), The Regulation of Quality: Products, Services, Workplaces and the Environment , Toronto, Butterworths, 320 p.

Dewees, Donald N., Duff, David and Trebilcock, Michael J. (1996), Exploring the Domain of Accident Law: Taking the Facts Seriously , Oxford, Oxford University Press, 452 p.

Dickens, William T. (1986), 'Safety Regulation and "Irrational" Behavior', in Gilad, Benjamin and Kaish, Stanley (eds.), Handbook of Behavioral Economics. Volume A. Behavi , Greenwich (CT), JAI Press, 325-348.

Dillman, John Patrick (1991), 'Prescription Drug Approval and Terminal Diseases: Desperate Times Require Desperate Measures', 44 Vanderbilt Law Review , 925-951.

Donohue, John J. III (1989), 'Using Market Incentives to Promote Auto Occupant Safety', 7 Yale Law and Policy Review , 449-488.

Dranove, David (1989), 'Medicaid Drug Formulary Restrictions', 32 Journal of Law and Economics , 143-162.

Eckert, Ross D. (1986), 'AIDS and the Blood Bankers', 10(1) Regulation , 15-2454.

Evans, William N. and Graham, John D. (1990), 'An Estimate of the Lifesaving Benefit of Child Restraint Use Legislation', 9 Journal of Health Economics , 121-142.

Frech, H. Edward III (1982), 'A Hard Pill to Swallow, review of Taking Your Medicine: Drug Regulation in the United States by Peter Temin', 13(12) Reason , 51-52.

Fuchs, Victor R. and Leveson, Irving (1986), 'Motor Accident Mortality and Compulsory Inspection of Vehicles', in Fuchs, Victor R. (ed.), The Health Economy , Cambridge (MA), Harvard University Press, 169-180.

Garbacz, C. (1990), 'Estimating Seat Belt Effectiveness with Seat Belt Usage Data from the Centers for Disease Control', 34 Economic Letters , 83-88.

Garbacz, Christopher and Kelly, J. Gregory (1987), 'Automobile Safety Inspection: New Econometric and Benefit/Cost Estimates', 19 Applied Economics , 763-771.

Garcia Gallego, Aurora and Georgantzis, Nikolaos (1996), 'Competition Intensity vs. Service Quality: On the Distribution of Para-Pharmaceutical Products in Spain', in Martin, Stephen (ed.), Interaction of Member State and EU Competition Policy , Amsterdam, forthcoming.

Geistfeld, Mark (1995), 'Manufacturer Moral Hazard and the Tort Contract Issue in Products Liability', 15 International Review of Law and Economics , 241-257.

Gieringer, Dale H. (1985), 'The Safety and Efficacy of New Drug Approval', 5 Cato Journal , 177-201.

Golbe, Devra L. (1983), 'Product Safety in a Regulated Industry: Evidence from the Railroads', 21 Economic Inquiry , 39-52.

Goldberg, Victor P. (1974), 'The Economics of Product Safety and Imperfect Information', 5 Bell Journal of Economics , 683-688.

Grabowski, Henry G. (1976), Drug Regulation and Innovation: Empirical Evidence , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 82 p.

Grabowski, Henry G., Vernon, John M. and Thomas, Lacy Glenn (1978), 'Estimating the Effects of Regulation on Innovation: An International Comparative Analysis of the Pharmaceutical Industry', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 133-163.

Graham, John D. (1984), 'Technology, Behavior, and Safety: An Empirical Study of Automobile Occupant Protection Regulation', 17 Policy Sciences , 141-151.

Graham, John D. and Garber, Steven (1984), 'Evaluating the Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation', 3 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 206-224.

Graham, John D. and Lee, Younghee (1986), 'Behavioral Response to Safety Regulation: The Case of Motorcycle Helmet Wearing Legislation', 19 Policy Sciences , 253-273.

Gregorsky, Frank (1985), 'Oversteer: Twenty Years of Federal Auto Policy', 9(6) Regulation , 35-41.

Hartley, K. and Maynard, Alan (1982), The Costs and Benefits of Regulating New Product Development in the UK Pharmaceutical Industry , London, Office of Health Economics.

Harvey, A.C. and Durbin, J. (1986), 'The Effects of Seat Belt Legislation on British Road Casualties: A Case Study in Structural Time Series Modelling', 149 Journal of Royal Statistical Society, Series A , 187-210.

Heinrichs, Dirk (1986), 'Chemical Substances Regulation and the Propensity to Innovate in West Germany', in Van Den Bergh, Roger (ed.), Verslagboek Eerste Werkvergadering Recht en Economie , Antwerpen, Leerstoel A. Van Melkebeke, Handelshogeschool, 50-66.

Hoffer, George E., Pruitt, Stephen W. and Reilly, Robert J. (1988), 'The Impact of Product Recalls on the Wealth of Sellers: A Reexamination', 96 Journal of Political Economy , 663-670.

Ippolito, Richard A. and Masson, Robert T. (1978), 'The Social Cost of Government Regulation of Milk', 21 Journal of Law and Economics , 33-65.

Irwin, Alan (1987), 'Technical Expertise and Risk Conflict: An Institutional Study of the British Compulsory Seat Belt Debate', 20 Policy Sciences , 339-364.

Jaffe, Austin J. and Corgel, John B. (1984), 'Alternative Forms of Quality Regulation in the Market for Appraisal Services', 50 Real Estate Appraiser and Analyst , 27-32.

Jarrell, Gregg A. and Peltzman, Sam (1985), 'The Impact of Product Recalls on the Wealth of Sellers', 93 Journal of Political Economy , 512-536. Reprinted in Ippolito, Pauline M. and Scheffman, David T. (eds.), Empirical Approaches to Consumer Protection Economics, Washington (DC), Federal Trade Commission, 377-409.

Keenan, Donald C. and Rubin, Paul H. (1988), 'Shadow Interest Groups and Safety Regulation', 8 International Review of Law and Economics , 21-36.

Kessel, Reuben A. (1967), 'Economic Effects of Federal Regulation of Milk Markets', 10 Journal of Law and Economics , 51-78.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1973), 'The Patent System and the New Drug Application: An Evaluation of the Incentives for Private Investment in New Drug Research and Marketing', in Landau (ed.), Regulating New Drugs , University of Chicago Center for Policy Study.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1980), 'The Political Economy of Innovation in Drugs and Drug Regulation Reform', in Helms, Robert B. (ed.), The International Supply of Medicines: Implications of U.S. Regulatory Reform , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Kitch, Edmund W., Isaacson, Marc and Kasper, Daniel (1972), 'The Regulation of Taxicabs in Chicago', 14 Journal of Law and Economics , 285-350. Reprinted in Brookings Institute Reprint No. 255, 1972.

Kluger, Brian D. (1989), 'Implications of Quality Standard Regulation for Multiproduct Monopoly Pricing', 10 Managerial and Decision Economics , 61-67.

Kramer, Carol S. (1990), 'Food Safety: The Consumer Side of the Environmental Issue', 22 Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics , 33-40.

Krier, James E. (1990), 'Risk and Design', 19 Journal of Legal Studies , 781-790.

Krupnick, Alan J. (1988), 'Reducing Bay Nutrients: An Economic Perspective', 47 Maryland Law Review , 452 ff.

Kwerel, Evan (1980), 'Economic Welfare and the Production of Information by a Monopolist: The Case of Drug Testing', 11 Bell Journal of Economics , 505 ff.

Lewit, Eugene M., Coate, Douglas and Grossman, Michael (1981), 'The Effects of Government Regulation on Teenage Smoking', 24 Journal of Law and Economics , 545-569.

Linneman, Peter (1980), 'The Effects of Consumer Safety Stand ards: The 1973 Mattress Flammability Standard', 23 Journal of Law and Economics , 461-479.

Loeb, Peter D. (1985), 'The Efficacy and Cost Effectiveness of Motor Vehicle Inspection Using Cross Sectional Data An Econometric Analysis', 52 Southern Economic Journal , 500-509.

Loeb, Peter D. (1987), 'The Determinants of Automobile Fatali ties, with Special Consideration to Policy Variables', 21 Journal of Transport Economics and Policy , 279-287.

Marcus, Alfred and Bromiley, Philip (1988), 'The Rationale for Regulation: Shareholder Losses under Various Assumptions about Managerial Cognition', 4 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization , 357-372.

Marino, Anthony M. (1988), 'Monopoly, Liability and Regulation', 54 Southern Economic Journal , 913-927.

Mashaw, Jerry L. and Harfst, David L. (1987), 'Regulation and Legal Culture: The Case of Motor Vehicle Safety', 4 Yale Journal on Regulation , 257-316.

Mashaw, Jerry L. and Harfst, David L. (1990), The Struggle for Auto Safety , Cambridge (MA), Harvard University Press, 285 p.

Mayer, Robert N. and Zick, Cathleen D. (1986), 'Mandating Behavioral or Technological Change: The Case of Auto Safety', 20 Journal of Consumer Affairs , 1-18.

McCarthy, Patrick S. (1990), 'Consumer Demand for Vehicle Safety: An Empirical Study', 28 Economic Inquiry , 530-543.

McKay, Niccie L. (1986), 'Industry Effects of Medical Device Regulation: The Case of Diagnostic Imaging Equipment', 6 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 35-44.

Metzger, Michael R. (1983), 'Cherries, Lemons, and the FTC: Minimum Quality Standards in the Retail Used Automobile Industry', 21 Economic Inquiry , 129-139.

Metzger, Michael R. (1984), 'Corporate Criminal Liability for Defective Products: Policies, Problems, and Prospects', 73 Georgetown Law Journal , 1-88.

Mitchell, Mark L. and Maloney, Michael T. (1989), 'Crisis in the Cockpit? the Role of Market Forces in Promoting Air Travel Safety', 32 Journal of Law and Economics , 329-355.

Moore, Michael J. and Magat, Wesley A. (1997), 'The Injury Risk Consequences of the All-Terrain Vehicle Consent Decrees', 17 International Review of Law and Economics , 379-393.

Moore, William J. and Newman, Robert J. (1993), 'Drug Formulary Restrictions as a Cost Containment Policy in Medicaid Programs', 36 Journal of Law and Economics , 71-97.

Morrall, John F. III (1986), 'A Review of the Record', 10(2) Regulation , 25-34.

Nichols, Albert L. and Zeckhauser, Richard J. (1986), 'The Perils of Prudence: How Conservative Risk Assessments Distort Regulation', 10(2) Regulation , 13-24.

Nichols, John P. (1987), 'Economic Efficiency Issues of Grading and Minimum Quality Standards: A Discussion', in Kilmer, Richard L. and Armbruster, Walter J. (E (eds.), Economic Efficiency in Agricultural and Food Marketing , Ames, Iowa State University Press, 251-255.

Noll, Roger G. and Krier, James E. (1990), 'Some Implications of Cognitive Psychology for Risk Regulation', 19 Journal of Legal Studies , 747-779.

Nyman, John A. (1987), 'Improving the Quality of Nursing Homes: Regulation or Competition?', 6 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 247-251.

Peltzman, Sam (1973), 'An Evaluation of Consumer Protection Legislation: The 1962 Drug Amendments', 81 Journal of Political Economy , 1049-1091.

Peltzman, Sam (1975), 'The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation', 83 Journal of Political Economy , 677-725.

Peltzman, Sam (1975), Regulation of Pharmaceutical Innovation , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 118 p.

Peltzman, Sam (1976), 'The Regulation of Automobile Safety', in Miller, R. L. and Manne, H. (ed.), Auto Safety Regulation: The Cure or the Problem , Glen Ridge, NJ: Horton.

Peltzman, Sam (1976), The Regulation of Automobile Safety , Washington, American Enterprise Institute.

Peltzman, Sam (1976), 'Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation: Reply', June Accidents Analysis and Prevention .

Peltzman, Sam (1977), 'Reply To Leon S. Robertson: "A Critical Analysis of Peltzman's 'The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation"', Journal of Economic Issues .

Peltzman, Sam (1987), 'By Prescription Only', 11(3-4) Regulation , 23-28.

Peltzman, Sam and Blomquist, Glenn S. (1981), 'Passive Restraints: An Economists View', in Crandall, R. and Lave, L. (eds.), The Scientific Basis of Health and Safety Regulation , Brookings Institution.

Prasad, Ravi (1994), 'The Health Effects and Regulation of Passive Smoking', Office of Regulation Review .

Prasad, Ravi (1995), 'Enforcing Australia's Food Laws', Office of Regulation Review .

Pratt, Michael D. and Hoffer, George E. (1986), 'The Efficacy of State Mandated Minimum Quality Certification: The Case of Used Vehicles', 24 Economic Inquiry , 313-318.

Priest, W. Curtiss (1988), Risks, Concerns, and Social Regulation: Forces that Led to Laws on Health, Safety, and the Environment , Boulder (CO), Westview Press, 204 p.

Rea, Samuel A., Jr. (1981), Disability Insurance and Public Policy. , Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

Risa, Alf Erling (1994), 'Preference Revelation in Strict Liability Product Safety Markets', 14 International Review of Law and Economics , 41-52.

Robertson, Leon S. (1977), 'A Critical Analysis of Peltzman's "The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation"', 11 Journal of Economic Issues , 587-600.

Rose-Ackerman, Susan (1983), 'Unintended Consequences: Regula ting the Quality of Subsidized Day Care', 3 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 14-30.

Rubin, Paul H. (1991), 'Why Regulate Consumer Product Safety?', Regulation , 58-63.

Rubin, Paul H., Murphy, R. Dennis and Jarrell, Gregg A. (1988), 'Risky Products, Risky Stocks', 12(1) Regulation , 35-39.

Sagoff, Mark (1988), The Economy of the Earth: Philosophy, Law, and the Environment , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 271 p.

Sands, Paul E. (1968), 'How Effective is Safety Legislation ?', 11 Journal of Law and Economics , 165-179.

Sexton, Thomas R. and Zilz, Ulrike (1988), 'On the Wisdom of Mandatory Drug Testing', 7 Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , 542-547.

Simon, Marilyn J., Wolf, Robert G. and Perloff, Jeffrey M. (1985), 'Product Safety, Liability Rules and Retailer Bankruptcy', 51(4) Southern Economic Journal , 1130-1141.

Simonich, William L. (1991), Government Antismoking Policies , New York, Peter Lang, 300 p.

Stigler, George J. (1971), 'The Theory of Economic Regulation', 2 Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , 3-21.

Svorny, Shirley (1987), 'Physician Licensure: A New Approach to Examining the Role of Professional Interests', 25 Economic Inquiry , 497-509.

Svorny, Shirley (1991), 'Consumer Gains from Physician Immigration to the U.S.: 1966 1971', 23 Applied Economics , 331-337.

Svorny, Shirley (1992), 'Should We Reconsider Licensing Physicians?', 10 Contemporary Policy Issues , 31-38.

Svorny, Shirley (1993), 'Advances in Economic Theories of Medical Licensure, Federation Bulletin', 80 Journal of Medical Licensure and Discipline , 27-32.

Temin, Peter (1979), 'The Origin of Compulsory Drug Prescripti ons', 22 Journal of Law and Economics , 91-105.

Thomas, Lacy Glenn (1988), 'Revealed Bureaucratic Preference: Priorities of the Consumer Product Safety Commission', 19 Rand Journal of Economics , 102-113.

Vanbuggenhout, Willy (1986), 'Comments on the paper of Dirk Heinrichs', in Van Den Bergh, Roger (ed.), Verslagboek Eerste Werkvergadering Recht en Economie , Antwerpen, Leerstoel A. Van Melkebeke, Handelshogeschool, 67-72.

Viscusi, W. Kip (1978), 'A Note on Lemons' Markets with Quality Certification', 9 Bell Journal of Economics , 277-279.

Viscusi, W. Kip (1984), 'The Lulling Effect: The Impact of Child Resistant Packaging on Aspirin and Analgesic Ingestions', 74 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 324-327.

Viscusi, W. Kip (1984), Regulating Consumer Product Safety , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.

Viscusi, W. Kip (1987), 'Regulatory Economics in the Courts: An Analysis of Judge Scalia's NHTSA Bumper Decision', 50(4) Law and Contemporary Problems , 17-31.

Viscusi, W. Kip, Magat, Wesley A. and Huber, Joel (1987), 'An Investigation of the Rationality of Consumer Valuations of Multiple Health Risks', 18 Rand Journal of Economics , 465-479.

Wardell, William M. and Sheck, Lorraine E. (1984), 'Is Pharmaceutical Innovation Declining? Interpreting Measures of Pharmaceutical Innovation and Regulatory Impact in the USA, 1950-1980', in Lindgren, Bjorn (ed.), Pharmaceutical Economics: Papers Presented at the 6th Arne Ryde Symposium, Helsenborg, Sweden, 1982 , Malmo, Liber, 177-189.

Weicher, John C. (1986), 'The Market for Housing Quality', in Ippolito, Pauline M. and Scheffman, David T. (eds.), Empirical Approaches to Consumer Protection Econom , Washington, Federal Trade Commission, 39-65.

Weiss, Roger W. (1964), 'The Case for Federal Meat Inspection Examined', 7 Journal of Law and Economics , 107-120.

Wheeler, Malcolm E. (1984), 'The Use of Criminal Statutes to Regulate Product Safety', 13 Journal of Legal Studies , 593-618.

Wiggings, Steven N. (1984), 'The Effect of U.S. Pharmaceutical Regulation on New Introductions', in Lindgren, Bjorn (ed.), Pharmaceutical Economics: Papers Presented at the 6th Arne Ryde Symposium, Helsenborg, Sweden, 1982 , Malmo, Liber, 191-205.

Wils, Wouter and Wils, Geert (1990), 'Free Movement of Goods and Quality Regulations for Foodstuffs', 1 European Food Law Review , 92-117.

Winston, Clifford and Mannering, Fred (1984), 'Consumer Demand for Automobile Safety', 74 American Economic Review , 316-319.

Zeckhauser, Richard A. (1985), 'Measuring Risks and Benefits of Food Safety Decisions', 38 Vanderbilt Law Review , 539 ff.

Zlatoper, Thomas J. (1987), 'Factors Affecting Motor Vehicle Deaths in the USA: Some Cross sectional Evidence', 19 Applied Economics , 753-761.