Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 1600 Intellectual Property: General Theories

Adelstein, Richard P. and Peretz, Steven I. (1985), 'The Competition of Technologies in Markets for Ideas: Copyright and Fair Use in Evolutionary Perspective', 5 International Review of Law and Economics , 209-238.

Arrow, Kenneth J. (1962), 'Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention', in Nelson, Richard R. (ed.), The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors , New York, Princeton University Press.

Bainbridge, Stephen M. (1993), 'Insider Trading Under the Restatement of the Law Governing Lawyers', 19 Journal of Corporate Law , 1-40.

Barzel, Yoram (1968), 'Optimal Timing of Innovations', 50 Review of Economics and Statistics , 348-355.

Beier, F.-K. and Shricker, G. (1989), 'GATT or WIPO? New Ways in the International Protection of Intellectual Property', 11 IIC Studies Weinheim, VCH-Verlagsgesellschaft .

Besen, Stanley M. and Kirby, Sheila Nataraj (1989), Compensating Creators of Intellectual Property: Collectives That Collect , Rand Corporation, No. R-3751-MF.

Besen, Stanley M. and Raskind, Leo J. (1991), 'An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Intellectual Property', 5 Journal of Economic Perspectives , 3-27.

Bowman, Ward S., Jr. (1977), 'The Incentive to Invent in Competitive as Contrasted to Monopolistic Industries', 20 Journal of Law and Economics , 227-228.

Braga, C.A. (1989), 'The Economics of Intellectual Property Rights and the GATT', 22 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law , 243-264.

Braun, Fernand (1979), 'The Economic Role of Industrial Proper ty', 1 European Intellectual Property Review , 265-273.

Braunstein, Y.M., Fischer, D.M., Ordover, Janusz A. and Baumol, William J. (1977), Economics of Property Rights as Applied to Computer Software and Data Bases , United States Department of Commerce, No. PB-268 787.

Brenner, Reuven (1990), 'Inventions et innovations dans le monde des affaires et des sciences (Inventions and Innovations in Business and Science)', 26 ƒtudes franaises , 51-78.

Bresnahan, Timothy F. (1985), 'Post-entry Competition in the Plain Paper Copying Market', 75 American Economic Review , 15-19.

Brousseau, Eric and Bessy, Christian (1997), The Governance of Intellectual Property Rights: Patents and Copyrights in France and in the US , Inaugural Conference for the International Society for New Institutional Economics, The Present and Future of the New Institutional Economics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, Sept. 19-21, 1997.

Buscaglia, Edgardo (1993), Law, Technological Progress, and Economic Development , California, Stanford University Press, Hoover Institution, International Studies Program, Stanford.

Centner, Terence J. (1988), 'Trademark Law for Specialty Fruits and Vegetables', 10 Journal of Agricultural Taxation and Law , 3-15.

Centner, Terence J. (1989), 'Policy Issues Regarding Property Rights in Biological Inventions', 24 HortScience , 426-429.

Centner, Terence J. (1989), 'Invent in America: Pitfalls for Foreigners Under U.S. Intellectual Property Rights Legislation', 37 Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics , 1307-1313.

Centner, Terence J. and White, F.C. (1989), 'Protecting Inventors' Intellectual Property Rights in Biotechnology', 14 Western Journal of Agricultural Economics , 189-199.

Centner, Terence J., Turner, S.C. and Bryan, J.T. (1990), 'Product Differentiation Protection: Developing a Strategy for Multiple Producers of Regional Specialty Crops', 20(2) Journal of Food Distribution Research , 13-19.

Charette, FrŽdŽrick (1992), 'L'illusion du droit moral, telle que rŽvŽlŽe par le droit de l'informatique (The Illusion of a Moral Right, as Revealed by a Study of Computer Law)', 4 Cahiers de propriŽtŽ intellectuelle in Frech, H. E. (ed.), Regulating Doctors' Fees: Competition, Benefits, and Controls under Medicare , Washington, DC, American Enterprise Institute, 161-185.

Cohen Jehoram, Herman (1979), 'Industri‘le eigendom en innova tie (Industrial Property and Innovation)', Nederlands Juristen Blad , 609-612.

Conrad, C.A. (1983), 'The Advantage of Being First and Competition between Firms', 1 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 353-364.

Dansby, Robert E. (1986), 'Comment: Liability and Compensation in the Sale of Quasi-Public Goods', 8 Research in Law and Economics , 175-179.

Dasgupta, Partha S. and Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1980), 'Uncertainty, Industrial Structure, and the Speed of R&D', 11 Bell Journal of Economics , 1-28.

Dasgupta, Partha S. and Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1986), 'Industrial Structure and the Nature of Inventive Activity', 90 Economic Journal , 266-293.

Davis, Lee N. (1989), 'Skydd for innovationer (Protecting Innovations)', in Bjurggren, Per-Olof and Skogh, Gšran, Foretaget - et kontraksekonomisk analys , Stockholm, SNS forlag, 151-158.

Department Of Trade and Industry (1986), Intellectual Property and Innovation , London, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 78 p.

Dixit, Avinash K. and Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1977), 'Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity', 67 American Economic Review , 297-308.

Dreyfuss, Rochelle C. (1986), 'Dethroning Lear: Licensee Estoppel and the Incentive to Innovate', 72 Virginia Law Review , 677-765.

Dreyfuss, Rochelle C. (1987), 'The Creative Employee and the Copyright Act of 1976', 54 University of Chicago Law Review , 590-647.

Evenson, Robert E. and Putnam, Jonathan D. (1987), 'Institutional Change in Intellectual Property Rights', 69 American Journal of Agricultural Economics , 403-409.

Farrell, Joseph (1989), 'Standardization and Intellectual Property', 30 Jurimetrics Journal , 35-50.

Feinberg, Robert M. (1988), 'Intellectual Property, Injury, and International Trade', 22(2) Journal of World Trade Law , 45-56.

Feinberg, Robert M. and Rousslang, Donald J. (1990), 'The Economic Effects of Intellectual Property Right Infringements', 63 Journal of Business , 79-90.

Foray, Dominique and Freeman, Christopher (eds.) (1993), Technology and the Wealth of Nations , Stanford, Stanford University Press.

Gilbert, Richard J. (1984), 'Comment: Uncertain Innovation and the Persistence of Monopoly', 74 American Economic Review , 238-242.

Glazer, A. (1985), 'The Advantage of Being First', 75 American Economic Review , 473-480.

Gomez-Pomar, Fernando, 'La funci—n de la propiedad intelectual y el rŽgimen de la fotocopia (The Role of Intelectual Property and Regulation of the Photocopies)', Revista Cr’tica de Derecho Inmobiliario .

Gomez-Pomar, Fernando (1989), 'Reglas de transacci—n y derechos de propiedad intelectual (Transaction Rules and Intellectual Property Rights)', Economistas .

Gomez-Pomar, Fernando (1989), 'Reglas de transacci—n y derechos de propriedad intelectual (Transaction Rules and Intellectual Property Rights)', 38 Economistas .

Gomez-Pomar, Fernando (1992), 'Las entidades de gesti—n de la propiedad intelectual: una aproximaci—n econ—mica (Managment Units of Intellectual Property: An Economic Approach)', Revista de Econom’a .

Grabowski, Henry G. (1976), Drug Regulation and Innovation: Empirical Evidence , Washington, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 82 p.

Grabowski, Henry G. and MŸller, D.C. (1978), 'Industrial Research and Development, Intangible Capital Stocks, and Firm Profit Rates', 9 Bell Journal of Economics , 328-343.

Griliches, Zvi (1979), 'Issues in Assessing the Contribution of Research and Development to Productivity Growth', 10 Bell Journal of Economics , 92-116.

Griliches, Zvi (ed.) (1984), R&D, Patents, and Productivity , Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Grossman, Sanford J. and Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1976), 'Information and Competitive Price Systems', 66 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 246-253.

Hay, Fenton (1986), 'Canada's Role in International Negotiations Concerning Intellectual Property Laws', 8 Research in Law and Economics , 239-263.

Hirshleifer, Jack (1971), 'The Private and Social Value of Information and the Reward to Innovative Activity', 61 American Economic Review , 561-574.

Hirshleifer, Jack (1973), 'Where Are We in the Theory of Information?', 63 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 31-39.

Holcombe, Randall G. and Meiners, Roger E. (1983), 'Market Arrangements Versus Government Protection of Innovative Activity', 5 Social Science Review , 1 ff.

Hummel, Berger (1988), Die volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung von Kunst und Kultur (The Economic Significance of Art and Culture) , MŸnchen.

Kamien, Morton I. and Schwartz, Nancy L. (1970), 'Market Structure, Elasticity of Demand and Incentive to Invent', 13 Journal of Law and Economics , 241-252.

Kamien, Morton I. and Schwartz, Nancy L. (1975), 'Market Structure and lnnovation: A Survey', 13 Journal of Economic Literature , 1-37. Reprinted in Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1982..

Kaplow, Louis (1984), 'The Patent-Antitrust Intersection: A Reappraisal', 97 Harvard Law Review , 1815-1892.

Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1987), 'R&D Rivalry with Licensing or Imitation', 77 American Economic Review , 402-420.

Kay, John A. (1993), 'The Economics of Intellectual Property Rights', 13 International Review of Law and Economics , 337-348.

Kingston, William (1981), 'Recession and Intellectual property', European Intellectual Property Review .

Kingston, William (1984), The Political Economy of Innovation , The Hague.

Kingston, William (1985), 'Who Should Protect Intellectual Property?', European Intellectual Property Review , 75-77.

Kingston, William (1987), 'The Innovation Warrant', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 59-86.

Kingston, William (1987), 'Advantages of Protecting Innovation Directly', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 87-123.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1977), 'The Nature and Function of the Patent System', 20 Journal of Law and Economics , 265-290.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1980), 'Patents, Prospects and Economic Surplus: A Reply', 23 Journal of Law and Economics , 205 ff.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1980), 'The Law and Economics of Rights in Valuable Information', 9 Journal of Legal Studies , 683-723.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1990), 'Property Rights and Inventions, Writings and Marks', 13 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy , 119 ff.

Kitch, Edmund W. (1992), 'Intellectual Property and the Common Law', 78 Virginia Law Review , 293 ff.

Kitch, Edmund W. and Perlman, Harvey (1991), Legal Regulation of the Competitive Proces: Cases, Materials and Notes on Unfair Business Pratices, Trademarks, Copyrights and Patents , Mineola (N.Y.), Foundation Press.

Klein, Christopher C. (1986), 'Strategic Sham Litigation: Economic Incentives in the Context of the Case Law', 6 International Review of Law and Economics , 241-253.

Klein, Daniel B. (1987), 'Tie-ins and the Market Provision of Collective Goods', 10 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy , 452 ff.

Koopmans, T. (1983), 'Mini-monopolies (Mini-monopolies)', Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis , 342-344.

Krauss, Michael I. (1989), 'Property, Monopoly, and Intellectual Rights', 12 Hamline Law Review , 305-320.

Lehmann, Michael (1984), 'Theorie der Property Rights und Schutz des geistigen und gewerblichen Eigentums - WettbewerbsbeschrŠnkungen zur Fšrderung des Wettbewerbs (Property Rights Theory and the Protection of Intel)', in X (ed.), AnsprŸche, Eigentums- und VerfŸgungsrechte , Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, 519-535.

Lehmann, Michael (1985), 'The Theory of Property Rights and the Protection of Intellectual and Industrial Property', 16 IIC , 525-540.

Lehmann, Michael (1989), 'Property and Intellectual Property - Property Rights as Restrictions on Competition in Furtherance of Competition', 20 IIC , 1-15.

Lehmann, Michael (1990), 'La teor’a de los "Property Rights" y la protecci—n de la propriedad intelectual e industrial (The Property Rights Theory and the Protection of Intellectual and Industrial Property)', Revista General de Derecho , 544-545.

Lemley, Mark A. (1995), 'Intellectual Property and Shrinkwrap Licenses', 68 Southern California Law Review , 1239 ff.

Lemley, Mark A. (1997), 'The Economics of Improvement in Intellectual Property Law', 75 Texas Law Review , 989 ff.

Levin, Richard C. (1978), 'Technical Change, Barriers to Entry and Market Structure', 45 Economica , 347-362.

Levin, Richard C., Cohen, W.M. and Mowery, D.C. (1985), 'R&D Appropriability, Opportunity, and Market Structure: New Evidence on Some Schumpeterian Hypotheses', 75 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 20-24.

Levin, Richard C., Klevorick, Alvin K., Nelson, Richard R. and Winter, Sidney G. (1987), 'Appropriating the Returns from Industrial R&D', 3 Brookings Papers on Economic Activity: Microeconomics , 783-820.

Loury, Glenn C. (1979), 'Market Structure and Innovation', 93 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 395-409.

Lunn, John (1985), 'The Roles of Property Rights and Market Power in Appropriating Innovative Output', 14 Journal of Legal Studies , 423-433.

Machlup, Fritz (1952), The Political Economy of Monopoly , Baltimore (MD), John Hopkins University Press.

Machlup, Fritz (1958), 'The Optimum Lag of Imitation Behind Innovation', 96 Nationalokonomisk Tidsskrift , 239-256.

MacKaay, Ejan (1982), Economics of Information and Law , Dordrecht, Kluwer, 293 p.

MacKaay, Ejan (1985), 'De Hersenschim als Rustig Bezit - Moet Alle Informatie Voorwerp van Eigendom zijn? (The Chimera as Peaceful Possession - Must All Information Be the Object of a Property Right?)', Computerrecht , 12-16.

MacKaay, Ejan (1985), 'Informational Goods - Property of a Mirage', Computer Law & Practice , 193-197.

MacKaay, Ejan (1986), 'Les Biens Informationnels ou le Droit de Suite dans les IdŽes (Informational Goods or the Droit de Suite in Ideas)', in Chamoux, Jean-Pierre (ed.), l'Appropriation de l'Information , Librairies Techniques, 26-48. Reprinted in Cahiers STS (Science - Technologie - SociŽtŽ) du CNRS, Ordre Juridique et Ordre Technologique, 134-151. Reprinted in Informatica e Diritto, 45-65.

MacKaay, Ejan (1986), 'Les biens informationnels ou le droit de suite dans les idŽes (Information Goods or the Sequel Right in Ideas)', 12 Informatica e Diritto , 45-65.

MacKaay, Ejan (1989), 'Les droits intellectuels - entre propriŽtŽ et monopole (Intellectual Property Rights - Between Property and Monopoly)', 1 Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines .

MacKaay, Ejan (1990), 'Economic incentives in markets for information and innovation', 13 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy , 867-909.

MacKaay, Ejan (1990), 'Les droits intellectuels - entre propriŽtŽ et monopole ([Intellectual Property Rights - Between Property and Monopoly)', 1 Revue des Žconomistes et des Žtudes humaines , 61-358.

MacKaay, Ejan (1991), Nouvelles technologies et propriŽtŽ (New Technologies and Property Rights) , MontrŽal, ƒd. ThŽmis, Paris, LITEC.

MacKaay, Ejan (1991), 'Economisch-filosofische aspecten van de intellectuele rechten (The Economic and Philosophical Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)', in Van Hoecke, Mark (ed.), De sociaal economische rol van intellectuele rechten , Brussel, Story-Scientia, 1-30.

MacKaay, Ejan (1991), 'La propriŽtŽ est-elle en voie d'extinction? (Is Property about to Become Extinct?)', in Mackaay, Ejan (ed.), Nouvelles technologies et propriŽtŽ , MontrŽal, ƒd. ThŽmis, Paris, LITEC, 217-247.

MacKaay, Ejan (1992), 'Los Derechos Intelectuales: Entre Propriedad y Monopolio (Intellectual Property Rights: Between Property and Monopoly)', DAT Derecho de la Alta Tecnologia , 1-15.

MacKaay, Ejan (1992), 'An Economic View of Information Law', in Korthals Altes, Willem F., Dommering, Egbert J., Hugenholtz, P. Bernt and Kabel, Jan J.C. (eds.), Information Law Towards the 21st Century , Deventer, Kluwer, 43-65.

MacKaay, Ejan (1994), 'Legal hybrids: Beyond property and monopoly?', 94 Columbia Law Review , 2630-2643.

MacKaay, Ejan (ed.) (1991), Nouvelles technologies et propriŽtŽa (New Technologies and Property) , MontrŽal, ƒd. ThŽmis, Paris, LITEC.

Mandeville, Thomas and MacDonald, Stuart (1987), 'Innovation Protection Viewed from an Information Perspective', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 157-169.

Manne, Henry G. (1987), 'Insider Trading and Property Rights in New Information', in Dorn, James A. and Manne, Henry G. (eds.), Economic Liberties and the Judiciary , Fairfax, George Mason University Press, 317-327.

Mansfield, Edwin (1965), 'Rates of Return from Industrial Development', 55 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 310-322.

Mansfield, Edwin (1985), 'How Rapidly Does New Industrial Technology Leak Out?', Journal of Industrial Economics , 217-223.

Mansfield, Edwin (1986), 'The R&D Tax Credit and Other Technology Policy Issues', 76 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 191-197.

Mansfield, Edwin, Rapoport, J., Romeo, A., Wagner, S. and Beardsley, G. (1977), 'Social and Private Rates of Return from Industrial Innovations', 71 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 221-240.

Markham, J.W. (1966), 'The Joint Effect of Antitrust and Patent Laws upon Innovation', 56 American Economic Review. Papers and Proceedings , 291-300.

McFetridge, Donald G. (1977), Government Support of Scientific Research and Deve , Toronto, University of Toronto Press.

McKee, Michael (1986), 'You Can't Always Get What You Want: Lessons from the Paris Convention Revision Exercise', 8 Research in Law and Economics , 265-272.

Melville, Leslie (1982), 'A Law of Activities - the Choice of Words and Their Limiting Effect', European Intellectual Property Review , 63-66.

Merges, Robert P. (1988), 'Commercial Success and Patent Standards: Economic Perspectives on Innovation', 76 California Law Review , 803-876.

Mossinghoff, G.J. (1984), 'The Importance of Intellectual Property Protection in International Trade', 7 Boston College International and Comparative Law Review , 235-249.

Nelson, Richard R. (ed.) (1962), The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity , Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Nelson, Richard R. and Winter, Sidney G. (1982), An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change , Cambridge (MA), Belknap of Harvard University Press.

Nordhaus, William D. (1969), Invention, Growth, and Welfare: A Theoretical Trea , Cambridge (MA), MIT Press.

Oberender, Peter and Ruter, Georg (1987), 'Innovationsforderung: Einige grundsŠtzliche ordnung spolitische Bemerkungen (The Promotion of Innovation: Some Basic Remarks on)', in Lenel, Hans Otto (ed.), 143-154.

Of Kilgerran, Lloyd (1980), 'The Patent System - A Tool in the Marketing Strategy for the Creation of Wealth and New Jobs', European Intellectual Property Review , 67-69.

Ordover, Janusz A. and Willig, Robert D. (1978), 'On the Optimal Provisions of Journals qua Sometimes Shared Goods', 68 American Economic Review , 324-339.

Orkin, Neal (1982), 'A Proposal to Increase Technical Productivity in the United States', European Intellectual Property Review , 331-335.

Oster, Sharon M. (1982), 'The Diffusion of Innovation among Steel Firms: the Basic Oxygen Furnace', 13 Bell Journal of Economics , 45-56.

Palmer, Tom G. (1989), 'Intellectual Property: A Non-Posnerian Law and Economics Approach', 12 Hamline Law Review , 261-304.

Pendleton, Michael (1985), 'Intellectual Property, Information- based Society and a New International Economic Order - the Policy Options?', European Intellectual Property Review , 31-34.

Phillips, A. (1956), 'Concentration, Scale, and Technological Change in Selected Manufacturing Industries, 1899-1939', 4(3) Journal of Industrial Economics , 179-193.

Phillips, A. (1965), 'Market Structure, Innovation and Investment', in Alderson, W., Terpstra, V. and Shapiro, S.V. (eds.), Patents and Progress , Homewood (IL), Richard D. Irwin, 37-58.

Phillips, A. (1971), 'Patents, Potential Competition and Technological Progress', 56(2) American Economic Review , 301-310. Reprinted in 3 The Journal of Reprints for Antitrust Law and Economics, 1971.

Phillips, A. (1971), Technology and Market Structure: A Study of the Aircraft Industry , Lexington (MA), Heath.

Phillips, A. (1971), 'Technological Change in the Regulated Industries', in Capron, William (ed.), Technological Change in the Regulated Industries , Washington, Brookings Institution, 123-165.

Phillips, A. (1979), 'Organizational Factors in R&D and Technological Change: Market Failure Considerations', in Sahal, D. (ed.), Perspectives on Research, Development and Technological Innovation , Lexington (MA), Lexington Books, 105-125.

Phillips, A., Phillips, A.P. and Phillips, T.R. (1994), Biz Jets: Technology and Market Structure in the Corprate Jet Aircraft Industry , Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Posner, Richard A. (1975), 'The Social Costs of Monopoly and Regulation', 83 Journal of Political Economy , 807-827.

Prager, F.D. (1952), 'The Early Growth and Influence of Intellectual Property', Journal of the Patent Office Society , 106-110.

Priest, George L. (1986), 'What Economists Can Tell Lawyers about Intellectual Property: Comment on Cheung', 8 Research in Law and Economics , 19-24.

Rahn, Guntram (1983), 'The Role of Industrial Property in Economic Development: The Japanese Experience', 14 International Review of Industrial Property , 449-592.

Rapp, Richard Tilden and Forest, Elisabeth (1994), 'The Antitrust-Intellectual Property Intersection', Antitrust Report , 3-12.

Rapp, Richard Tilden and Rozek, Richard P. (1990), 'Benefits and Costs of Intellectual Property Protection in Developing Countries', 24 Journal of World Trade , 75-102. Reprinted in "How Property Protection Fuels Economies," 3 Les Nouvelles, 1992.

Raskind, Leo J. (1991), 'The Misappropriation Doctrine as a Competitive Norm of Intellectual Property Law', 75 Minnesota Law Review .

Reinganum, Jennifer F. (1981), 'Market Structure and the Diffusion of New Technology', 12 Bell Journal of Economics , 618-624.

Reinganum, Jennifer F. (1983), 'Uncertain Innovation and the Persistence of Monopoly', 73 American Economic Review , 741-748.

Reinganum, Jennifer F. (1983), 'Technology Adoption under Imperfect Information', 14 Bell Journal of Economics , 57-69.

Riis, Thomas (1994), 'Ophavsret og kultur¢konomi i EF (Copyright and The Economics of Culture in EC)', NIR .

Riis, Thomas (1994), 'Ophavsret og kultur¢konomi i EF (Copyright and The Economics of Culture in EC)', NIR .

Riis, Thomas (1996), Ophavsret og rets¢konomi ( (Copyright and Law and Economics)) , Gadjura, Ph.D. thesis.

Riis, Thomas (1996), Ophavsret og rets¢konomi (Copyright and Law and Economics) , Gadjura, Ph.D. thesis.

Rozek, Richard P. (1987), 'Protection of Intellectual Property Rights: Research and Development Decisions and Economic Growth', 5(3) Contemporary Policy Issues , 54-65.

Rushing, Francis W. and Brown, Carole Ganz (eds.) (1990), Intellectual Property Rights in Science, Technology, and Economic Performance , Boulder (CO), Westview Press, 354 p.

Sappington, David E.M. (1982), 'Optimal Regulation of Research and Development under Imperfect Information', 13 Bell Journal of Economics , 354-368.

Scherer, Frederic M. (1965), 'Firm Size, Market Structure, Opportunity and the Output of Patented Invention', 55 American Economic Review , 1097-1125.

Scherer, Frederic M. (1967), 'Research and Development Resource Allocation under Rivalry', 81 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 359-394.

Scherer, Frederic M. (1980), Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance (2nd ed) , Chicago, Rand McNally & Co., 632 p.

Schiff, E. (1971), Industrialization without Patents - The Netherland , Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Sheng, Cheng Hu (1973), 'On the Incentive to Invent: A Clarificatory Note', 16 Journal of Law and Economics , 169-177.

Sieghart, Paul (1982), 'Information Technology and lntellectual Property', European Intellectual Property Review , 187-188.

Silberston, Z.A. (1987), 'Direct Protection of Innovation: The "Critical" Chapters', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 201-213.

Spence, A. Michael (1976), 'Product Selection, Fixed Costs, and Monopolistic Competition', 43 Review of Economic Studies , 217-235.

Stalson, Helena (1987), Intellectual Property Rights and U.S. Competitiven , Washington, National Planning Association, 106 p.

Stillerman, R. (1966), 'Resistance to Change', 48 Journal of the Patent Office Society , 484-499.

Tandon, P. (1983), 'Rivalry and the Excessive Allocation of Resources to Research', 14 Bell Journal of Economics , 152-165.

Teijl, Rob and Holzhauer, Rudi W. (1991), 'De toenemende complexiteit van het intellectuele eigendomsrecht. Een economische analyse' [The Growing Complexity of Intellectual Property Law. An Economic Analysis], in', Rechtseconomische Verkenningen Deel 1 .

Telser, Lester G. (1982), 'A Theory of Innovation and Its Ef fects', 13 Bell Journal of Economics , 69-92.

Terrell, Timothy P. and Smith, Jane S. (1985), 'Publicity, Liberty, and Intellectual Property: A Conceptual and Economic Analysis of the Inheritability Issue', 34 Emory Law Journal , 1 ff.

Tullock, Gordon (1967), 'The Welfare Costs of Tariffs, Monopolies and Theft', 5 Western Economic Journal , 224-232.

Tullock, Gordon (1987), 'Intellectual Property', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 171-199.

Usher, Dan (1964), 'The Welfare Economics of Invention', 31 Economica , 279-287.

Walker, Charles E. and Bloomfield, Mark A. (eds.) (1988), Intellectual Property Rights and Capital Formation , Lanham, (MD), University Press of America, 189 p.

Wichers Hoeth, L. (1984), 'Mini-monopolies: Een reactie (Mini- monopolies: A Response)', Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis , 356-357.

Wilson, R.W. (1977), 'The Effect of Technology Environment and Product Rivalry on R&D Effort and Licensing of Inventions', 59 Review of Economics and Statistics , 171-178.

Wright, Brian D. (1983), 'The Economics of Invention Incentives: Patents, Prizes and Research Contracts', 73 American Economic Review , 691-707.

Wright, Brian D. (1987), 'On the Design of a System to Improve the Production of Innovations', in Kingston, William (ed.), Direct Protection of Innovation , Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 227-246.

Yamey, Basil S. (1970), 'Monopoly, Competition and the Incentive to Invent: A Comment', 13 Journal of Law and Economics , 253-256.

Yu, Ben T. (1981), 'Potential Competition and Contracting in Innovation', 24 Journal of Law and Economics , 215-238.

Zimmerman, Martin B. (1982), 'Learning Effects and the Commercialization of New Energy Technologies: the Case of Nuclear Power', 13 Bell Journal of Economics , 297-310.