Encyclopedia of Law & Economics - 0760 Network Externalities

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Carlton, Dennis W. and Salop, Steven (1996), 'You Keep On Knocking But You Can't Come In: Evaluating Restrictions on Access To Input Joint Ventures', 9 Harvard Journal of Law and Technology , 319-352.

Choi, Jay Pil (1994), 'Irreversible Choice of Uncertain Technologies with Network Externalities', 25 Rand Journal of Economics , 382 ff.

Choi, Jay Pil (1996), 'Do Converters Facilitate the Transition to a New Incompatible Technology?: A Dynamic Analysis of Converters', 14 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 825 ff.

Chou, Chien-fu and Shy Oz (1990), 'Network Effects Without Network Externalities', 8 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 259-270.

Church, Jeffrey and Gandal, Neil (1990), 'Complementary Network Externalities and Technology Adoption', 11 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 239-260.

Church, Jeffrey and Gandal, Neil (1992), 'Integration, Complementary Products, and Variety', 1 Journal of Economics and Management Strategy , 651-675.

Church, Jeffrey and Gandal, Neil (1992), 'Network Effects, Software Provision, and Standardization', 40 Journal of Industrial Economics , 85-104.

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Economides, Nicholas (1988), 'Desirability of Compatibility in the Absence of Network Externalities', 78 American Economic Review , 108-121.

Economides, Nicholas (1991), 'Compatibility and the Creation of Shared Networks', in Guerin-Calvert, Margaret and Wildman, Steven (eds.), Electronic Services Networks: A Business and Public Policy Challenge , New York, Praeger.

Economides, Nicholas (1993), 'A Monopolist's Incentive to Invite Competitors to Enter in Telecommunications Services', in Pogorel, Gerard (ed.), Global Telecommunications Services and Technological Changes , Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Economides, Nicholas (1993), 'Network Economics with Application to Finance', 2 Financial Markets, Institutions, and Instruments , 89-97.

Economides, Nicholas (1996), 'The Economics of Networks', 14 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 673 ff.

Economides, Nicholas (1997), 'Network Externalities, Complementarities, and Invitations to Enter', European Journal of Political Economy .

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Economides, Nicholas and White, Lawrence (1994), 'Networks and Compatibility: Implications for Antitrust', 38 European Economic Review , 651-662.

Economides, Nicholas and White, Lawrence (1995), 'Access and Interconnection Access Pricing: How Efficient is the Efficient Component Pricing Rule?', 40 Antitrust Bulletin , 557-579.

Economides, Nicholas and White, Lawrence (1996), 'One-Way Networks, Two-Way Networks, Compatibility, and Antitrust', in Gabel, David and Weiman, David (eds.), Opening Networks to Competition: The Regulation and Pricing of Access , Amsterdam, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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Farrell, Joseph (1989), 'Standardization and Intellectual Property', 30 Jurimetrics Journal , 35-50.

Farrell, Joseph (1996), 'Creating Local Competition', 49 Federal Communications Law Journal , 201-215.

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Farrell, Joseph and Saloner, Garth (1986), 'Economic Issues in Standardization', in Miller, J. (ed.), Telecommunications and Equity , Amsterdam, North Holland.

Farrell, Joseph and Saloner, Garth (1986), 'Standardization and Variety', 20 Economic Letters , 71-74.

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Farrell, Joseph and Saloner, Garth (1987), 'Competition, Compatibility and Standards: The Economics of Horses, Penguins and Lemmings', in Gabel, H. Landis (ed.), Product Standardization and Competitive Strategy 1 .

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Farrell, Joseph and Saloner, Garth (1992), 'Converters, Compatibility, and the Control of Interfaces', 40 Journal of Industrial Economics , 9-36.

Farrell, Joseph and Shapiro, Carl (1988), 'Dynamic Competition with Switching Costs', 19 Rand Journal of Economics , 123 ff.

Farrell, Joseph and Shapiro, Carl (1989), 'Optimal Contracts with Lock-In', 79 American Economic Review , 51 ff.

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Gandal, Neil (1994), 'Hedonic Price Indexes for Spreadsheets and an Empirical Test for Network Externalities', 24 Rand Journal of Economics , 19-39.

Gandal, Neil (1995), 'A Selective Survey of the Literature on Indirect Network Externalities', 17 Research in Law and Economics , 23-31.

Gandal, Neil (1996), 'Compatibility Standards and Complementary Network Externalities in the PC Software Market', Review of Economics and Statistics .

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Graham, Lawrence D. and Zerbe, Richard O., Jr. (1996), 'Economically Efficient Treatment of Computer Software: Reverse Engineering, Protection, and Disclosure', 22 Rutgers Computer and Technology Law Journal , 61-142.

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Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1985), 'Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility', 75 American Economic Review , 424-440.

Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1986), 'Product Compatibility Choice in a Market with Technological Progress', 38 Oxford Economic Papers , 146-165.

Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1986), 'Technology Adoption in the Presence of Network Externalities', 94 Journal of Political Economy , 822-841.

Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1992), 'Product Introduction with Network Externalities', 40 Journal of Industrial Economics , 55 ff.

Katz, Michael L. and Shapiro, Carl (1994), 'Systems Competition and Network Effects', 8 Journal of Economic Perspectives , 93-115.

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Klemperer, Paul (1987), 'Markets with Consumer Switching Costs', 102 Quarterly Journal of Economics , 375 ff.

Klemperer, Paul (1989), 'Price Wars Caused by Switching Costs', 65 Review of Economic Studies , 405-420.

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Kristiansen, Eirik Guaard (1996), 'R&D in Markets with Network Externalities', 14 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 769 ff.

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Liebowitz, S. J. and Margolis, Stephen E. (1995), 'Reply to Comments by Regibeau and Gandal', 17 Research in Law and Economics , 41-46.

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Regibeau, Pierre and Rockett, Katherine (1996), 'The Timing of Product Introduction and the Credibility of Compatibility Decisions', 14 International Journal of Industrial Organization , 801 ff.

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